Sir John Monash, Personal Files Book 6, 10 June - 12 July 1915, Part 3

Conflict:
First World War, 1914–18
Subject:
  • Documents and letters
Status:
Awaiting approval
Accession number:
RCDIG0000590
Difficulty:
3

Page 1 / 10

132 I.M. Rose Eastwood 133 134 Cotteell 4.7 Hill 135 136 B.6 Hetcher 137 D. E Wilson 138 N.G Dooth 139 T.H Mathews 140 D.F McDermned 1.9 141 Contre 7.4 142 Dadson 14 5.2 Hanson 144 F. Saloe 145 Sanders 146 deitch 42.4 147 4.6 Smith 148 little E4 140 King 150 T.T. Corregan Roch 15t 152 W.7 Mundell 5.6 153 Browne 154 P.2. Paull 155 WE Colling 156 H.C. Parker 157 Black 158 56 Enslewrs 159 4D Crouch 160 CD Benporath P.4.0 Cumming 161 Leut 4:6 162 andeion 163 K.4 anderson 164 HF armstring 4.7 Knight 165 1 166 Cooper Lent 167 Smith a2 168 2 L Sampson 169 Liet 46 Smith 179 IX Taye 172 Vine-Hall or 172- Fabilion 172 E.9 Wareham 174 245 F.C. Yourden dieut 175 C.W.2 Bulling 2 St 176 Moseley 177 Fox Lx 178 4.6 ford 179 Craham 180 T.A. Necle 181 2 Blanney 4.R Lieut toone 182 H.C sot Lovig 183 184 B.S Adhimson dait W.W Coombe 185 186 20 C1 Johnson 189 Davey Lieut 1e0 Hawvood 6.7 189 Mowhouse 190 LH disscombe 19. Harland W.7 192 H.D Fulling 193 2 din Gardines A.3 194 G2.1 foote 195 Frint S.F. Platt 1962 St Corbett TE F.E. Sparkes 197 198 H.F Nsh Capt 2d fint 4:0 151 X X5 X X o X 18 75 10 5 X 15 t 4 X 5 to Xe X 14 14 B X 15 75 M.G.0 W. 2/5/15 Reb. 2/5/15 EstoS.C) Invalided App. 8/5/15 K. 9/5/15 "10/5/15 W.9/5/15 10/5/15 -10/5/15 -W.29/5/15 87/5/15 27/5/18 Invalited 8/6/16 7/5/18 N.29/5/15 W. 9/5/15 died 7/5/15 2/5/15 N.29/5/15 seriou 14/5/15 N. 29/6/15 14/5/15 14/5/15 W.29/5/15 14/5/15 D.29/5/15 14/5/15 4/5/15 sick 2/6/15. 2/5/15 "2/5/15 7/5/15 D.C.M. 3/6/15 9/5/15 10/5/15 W. 27/4/15 22/5/15 .22/5/15 Remp K.2/5/15 N. 9/5/15 or K9/5/15 Capt & Adgt. 11/5/15 & Toined at albary Renf - N. 26/5/15 Reb. 26/5/15 Attached to H. Q. 27/5/15 W. 3/5/15 died N. 9/4/15 Reb. 10/5/15 Capt 10/6/18 on 147 N. 30/5/15 Reb. 30/5/15 [Renf N.29/5/15 & op on No27 N.95/15 App. 2/5/15 N19/5/15 Ret 27/5/15 kent Reing Reint kent king keng appt 7.G.0. app nosuchmnt app 10/5/15 king app Reinf kenf (Now T.O7 Rejoin 8/5/15 Sick 9/6/15 keng Reing Renf - Sick 2/5/15 Kenf appr 14/5/15 W. 6/5/15 app 14/5/15 N.3/5/15 sone T.O. at Alexandera App. 10/5/15 D.C.M. amone 14/5/15 W 29/5/15 000 D.C
we the 2 o ter nmsaitueon wo Bratot noe been issen Teont 158 o 2E
Forth Infy. Brigande Analysis of Histon of Officer 16 14 15 Pasticular H.2. 13 total names on de- 44 -tailed lists 9 10/6/15 46 54 44 13 3 13 8 Killed & Miring, & as 2 Mar Prisoners 2 2 Siad a wounds 5 16 15 Total finally lost 8 - Severely wounded & 3 5 4 3 not likely to return 19 20 8 ToEe to be written off 12 as was casualties 1 1 1 1 Left at base 1 2 Peomanently invalided 1 or transfered 14 23 21 10 2 totalpimanent losses 5 3 10 Wounded, likely to return 4 5 4 6 Wounded, alreaty back + 5 1 5 Sick likelyto return Dick already back 11 9 12 10 1 Wex temporary losses 34 30 3 26 20 TixI present ineffective 14 20 4 26 18 Present effectives 9 4 6 New Reiforcements 8 9 6 13 News Appointments 4 3 2 Cimettin among Cimfit Camathes among new S 8 2 1 Appointments 133 Original officers 26 Reinforements 36 195 New appointments 44 Killed, Drida Hount & Missing 15 Severely Hounded & not likely to return 48 Wounded & tisk, tas rejoined Left ar bake & tansferred 113 82 Frepent Exfective 13/6/15 Total Remack Brigade 195 37 2 5 44 15 59 5 6 70 26 19 17 1 43 113 82 26 36 11 16 of these only ft are Orignial officer & 38 afe Rupet& pewap vinter 3005C
OPERATION MEMORANDUN NO.S. Brigadler-Genoral H. B. Walker, D.S.O., Commanding lst Australiar Division. TIYISTOnRT Headquarters 4 June, 1925. TrInstractions for 1. - With reference to paragraph 5 or new units on first going into the trenchesr, the term Tobserver Sentry Frouns on Men observation has led to misunderstanding and will be discontinued. will hereafter be known and formally posted as double sentries. OOS The n. C.o., and six mon will form a group which will be rogularly detailed and sentries will be formally posted through- ken of the group not on duty will out the day and night. 1f always be in the immediate vicinity of double sentries. the sentries are moved to a now observation post the groug In case of alarm groups will man the must be moved also. trenches on right and left of sentry posts. (where machine gun detachments find sentries over their guns these may be posted singly, such sentries must be posted formally and the following instructions regarding sentry duty are equally applicable to them. 2. - Orders for groups and sentrios will be prepared and Orders for Sugrestions as to displayed on notice boards in each post. sentr the subject and form of such orders are attached hereto for CTONO Requisitions for notice boards will be submitted guidance. to the engineer depot. 3. - In each brigade there will be definite hours for the Relief of relief of sontry groups - these may vary in each sub-section S but will be clearly laid down in each case. 4. - (1) By day the alarm signal will be the whistle as Alarn laid down in Infantry Training (a succession of Signals. alternate short and long blasts) supplemented by local arrangements definitely prepared and recorded by unit commanders. By night sentries will at once arouse their 114) groups and the n.c.c., of the group will arouse the company oommander, whose position must always be known to all n.c. 0s., in charge of groups. In each unit arrangements will be definitely Preparod and promulgated for alarming supports through the sentries over those bodies. 5. - Men in support trenches are often widely scattered JAOOOPO and not always under control of their officers and n.c.0s., Supports will always bo quartered by sections and plateons, and will invariably be in the same place each night. Each subordinato commander will acquaint himself with the position in the fire trenches he has to oocupy, see that his men know it, and the shortest route to it in case of alarm. 6. - With refevence to para 6 of instructions to new units PIT trencl an going into tronchesr, while a sentry group of 6 men to each 12 yards of trench may be a reasonable minimum by day, Brigade and battalion commanders must determine the number of observation posts actually required on a particular frontage. the principles governing their selection boing that all ground In must be under constant observation and offective fire. case of sudden attack at night the groups must be sufficiently close together to provide an adequate firing line and in the fire trenches there should in addition be sufficient men at rest between the posts to establish a firing line of one men per yard. 7.— A resume of certain orders of general application MORCN regarding duties in the tronches are issued herewith in the SCOM form of Ptrench standing ordersr. FI C.B.B.WHITE, Lt. Colonel, General Staff. anwm
Confidential 13 H.Q.W.L.&A. Div. 13/6/18 Anticipating that the G.O.C. would desire, as on previous oc- casions, an expression of opinion from me as to the relative merts of officers reported to mentarious service + conspicuous gallantry, in respect of the period from May 5 to June 2 when this Brigade was withdrawn from Seation 3 - in the event of his seeing fit to make further recommendation, I submit my views hereunder:- For Special Mention: Lt Col. Cannan (not previously mentioned) for his CCapable & energetic exercise of the command of Qunns post, from the successful sortie on May 2/10 until finally relured on May 28. Lt. Col. Burnage (previously mentioned) for his conduct of the Defence of Quin's post, during the early morning of May 29 up to the time that he was severely wounded Lt Col. Tape (previously mentioned) who assumed com¬ mand at Qunnis post upon Sotol, Bunnage being wounded, For organying the countieassault & conducting the operation which led to the recovery of the lost ground, & the restoration of the whole work. For Rewards. 1. Major E.L. Tilney 16th Bn Comitted from my earlies recom mendation by an everright a see my report of 23/5/15) This officir, subsequent to the events navated in pre Vious reput, carried out the dutie of Second in Conmand at Quinis post until relief on June 1st, & actively participated in all the oppensive & defersive speration of that post, during the whole periol, behaving throughout with compicuous ability & consage
14 2300 4 2 Major Herring 13th Br see my report of 2/6/15. do. do 3. Capt. Forsyth 4. Lieut. Hill do do In my opinion the fore cases selected, of those submitted, are most deserving of reward, and, as regards character of reward, in the order named Dhnhonash Col. C.C. t CMrust/ Inf. Bde an a m
25 14/6/15 H.Q. N.2&A. Die. It is desired to bring under notice the excellent work done bo the Regimental Medical & Stretche Neaver Departments of this Brignde during the period Apl. 25 to Junel. - It is difficult to single out instances specially deserving of mention where all the personnel have done so well, but in the cases of the three officers mentioned below, in addition their most capable & efficient administration of their personnel, & their untiring attention to the wounded, their conduct has been characterized on many occasions by Hearlenness, + divigard danger, of which some instances are cited:- Capt. Roy S. McGregor A.A.M.C. while engaged in attending to the wounded on Apl. 30, in a dangerous locality, was himself wounded in the forcarm, but remained on duty foe several days, until it became abso. tely necessary for him to go to Hospital. After only 2 days absence, he return d to his work, & frequently exposed himself to risk of Fnother injury.- Capt. T.F. G. Luther AAMC. On 26/5/15 the bionacs of the 15-16 intlation came under heavy five from Sharpshooters, & no levo than 16 men vere hit in a shost time. Captain Luther worked for the whole morning in the frswept area, assisting to dress & bring these wounded to cafety, & frequently passing over Fireswept areas in doing so. Capt. G. Loughvan AAMC. Wheneves not actually at work at the dessing station, this officer was invariably right up in the front positions where he could render immediate aid. He repeatedly worked under heavy Fire. His previous P.A. service stood him in food stead, & he has throghout been a great Factor in Cheering & heartening the men, by his example & devotion to drty. Hohnmonash Cor. C.O. A Jrst Inf. Bde
1 14 15 16 14/5/13 M. C Suns Det. 13 Coustrys 20 (had Sweeks speelf out the 215 second timne with spill) had a left rear 2 Malie of Contray from. 051 t 02 22 10 1098 11
A0E Transmission OF InYorma- 620r. HExin guns. Saps and tannels. sap working Pertics. Procedure on posting new units. Ammunition Supply. OFERATTON MNORANDIM No. BrigadieraGeneral H.B.WALKER, D.S.O. Commanding lst Australian Division. Divisional Headquarters, 14th June, 1915. 1. , (1) Information gained in one section or portion of a section, which is of importance or interent to others, will invariably be communicated directly to the section or part of the line concerned as well as to section or Divisional Hd.Qrs. (11) Similarly, when action is being taken in one part of the line, all other portions affected or whose ansistanc. is required, should be communicated with directly, and the Rction reported to section or Divisional Headquarters. (1li) The signal service and regimental signallers Cre primarily responsible for despatching these communications by the quickest and most roliable means, and for properly advising all concerned in case of any interruption or delay in the intercommunication system. Commanders are not thereby absolved from the responsibility of satisfying themselves that the systom is officient in so far as it affecte their command, and they should promptly report any defects disoovered. 2. - Maxim guns will not be dismantled and packed up during the day; they will be held ready for action at all times. In emplacements where this might lead to their dis- closure, they will bo lowered on their tripods or otherwise concealed. 3. - (½) The O.C. Div. Engrs, will arrange for the number of all tunnols and saps to bo posted on a board at the tunnel entrance. Main tunnes, 1.e., those running directly towards the enemy’s trenches will be marked with the word Main’. (41) The operations of the last 40 houre have emphasized the need of exercising every care to prevent the enomy from locating our tunnels. The voice incroases in volume ar in such confined spaces. Striot silence will and travels therofore be observed not only in the tunnols but at the tunnel entrance. In order to ensure this section commanders will arrange for a sentry to be posted at the entrance to all main tunnels. The duty of this sentry will be: Prevent offiders and men from assembling at the 111 entrance to tunnels (14) to provent conversation at tunnel entrances and for a space of five yards on either side; (1ii) to prevent a blook at the tunnel entrance of the inevitable traffie in the trench. 4. - Sap working parties will not be required to stand to arms with the remainder of the trench garrison. 5. - When new units are posted in the trenches the O.C. the unit being relieved will formally hand over to the incon. ing unit commander, and a representative of the brigade sta will be present. All information regarding the line, the location of observation posts and machine gun sections, will be communicated in writing. Copies of standing orders for t tronches, instructions for now units, and orders for groups and sentrice will be formally handed over. 6. - The following is the approved allotment of ammrit (a) Por rifle -220 rounds (portion .. on the man this may be kapt in receptacles in firo trenchg In bde. reserve - 80 rounds. (0) Per m. gun With gun 11,500 rounds In bde. reserve. 5,000
Disoipline. Opern. Memo. No.9 20 7.(E) The attention of commanding officers is drawn to the careless manner in which men are marched to and from duties. In the interests of good order and discipline, it is essential that all bodies of troops. Thould in all circumstances be properly controlled. Men will therefore be regularly marched in charge of an officer or n.c.c. when going to or returning from any duty. This does not prevent the officer or n.6.c. in charge moving the troops in a Tormation which will ensure safety from fire. (11) A great number of men are still observed the roadways and tracks beth singly and in greups, Wi have no particular duty. Individuals vill not pe allowed to leave their unit lines except for a definite purpose in which case they should be in Doesession of a pass. C. B. B. WH I F N Lt.-Colore. General Staff.
132  Capt.  J.M.  Rose        H.Q.  M.G.O. W. 2/5/15  Ret 2/5/15                       
133     "   Eastwood    " Extra S.C. Invalided
134 2nd Lieut.   Cottrill 13th   App. 8/5/15  K. 9/5/15
135     " H.T. Hill "        "   10/5/15  W. 9/5/15
136     " B.G. Fletcher "       "    10/5/15  
137     " D.E. Wilson "       "    10/5/15 - W. 29/5/15
138     " N.G. Booth 14        "    27/5/15
139     " J.H. Mathews "        "    27/5/15
140     " D.R. McDermid "        "       "
141     " V.G. Coutie "        "       "
142     " T.H. Dadson "        "       "
143     " S.M. Hanson "        "       "
144     " F. Laloe "        "       "
145     " R. Sanders "        "       "  Invalided 8/6/15
146     " A.E.G. Leitch 15√      "   7/5/15  W. 29/5/15
147     " H.G. Smith  "√      "   7/5/15  W. 9/5/15 died
148     " E.M. Little  "√      "   7/5/15  W. 29/5/15 serious
149     " G. King  "     "  14/5/15   W. 29/5/15
150     " J.J. Corrigan  "√    "   14/5/15     -
151     " H. Koch  "    "   14/5/15 -  W. 29/5/15
152     " W.T. Mundell  "√    "   14/5/15    S. 29/5/15
153     " J.C. Browne  "√    "   14/5/15
154     " P.R. Paull 16   √ "   7/5/15
155     " W.E. Collins  "   √ "   7/5/15  sick  2/6/15.
156     " H.C. Parker  "   √ "   7/5/15  
157     " P. Black  "   √ "  7/5/15  D.C.M. 2/6/15
158     " J.C. Curlewis  "   √ "   9/5/15
159     " H.J. Crouch  "   √ "  10/5/15   W. 27/4/15
160     " C.B. Benporath  "   √ "  22/5/15
161     " R.H.O. Cumming  "   √ "  22/5/15
162 Lieut K.L. Anderson 16 D. Co √ Reinf.   K. 2/5/15
163     " K.H. Anderson 15         "  K. 9/5/15
164     " H.P. Armstrong 15          "   K. 9/5/15
165     " H.T. Knight 16   Capt & Adjt. 11/5/15 √  Joined at Albany       
166 2nd Lt. L. Cooper 14   Reinf. - W. 26/5/15 Ret. 26/5/15 Attached to H.Q. 27/5/15
167 Lieut. Q.R. Smith 14   W.  3/5/15  died
168 2nd Lt. B. Sampson 15   W.  9/5/15  Ret. 10/5/15  Capt 10/5/15
169 Lieut H.G. Smith 15   W. 9/5/15  died.   See 147
170    " T.V. Taylor 16   W.  30/5/15 Ret. 30/5/15 Reinf
171    " N. Vine-Hall 13   W.  29/5/15
172 " F.G. Wilson 13   K. 26/4/15  see No 27
173     " E.G. Wareham 15   K.  9/5/15
174 2nd Lt F.C. Youlden 15   App. 3/5/15  W. 10/5/15  Ret 27/5/15
175 Lieut. C.W.L. Pulling 13   Reinf.
176 2nd Lt. E. Mosely 13   Reinf
177   " G. Fox 13   Reinf
178 Lieut. H.C. Ford 13   Reinf
179    " R. Graham 14   Reinf
180 2 " J.A. Neale 14   Reinf
181 2 " A.R. Blainey 14   App 7/5/15  M.G.O.
182 Lieut. H.C. Horne 15    
183 2nd Lt. F. Craig 15   app     ? no such man in 15
184    " B.S. Atkinson 15   app. 10/5/15
185 Lieut W.W. Coombs 15   Reinf. 
186 2nd " C.M. Johnson 15   App. Reinf.
187 Lieut C. Davey 15   Reinf.
188    " R. Harwood 16   Reinf. {now T.O.} Rejoin 8/5/15 Sick 7/6/15
189    " L.J. Moorhouse 14   Reinf
190    " L.H. Luscombe 14   Reinf
191    " W.J Harland 13   Reinf - Sick 2/5/15
192    " H.D. Pulling 13   Reinf. - 
193 2nd Lt. A.J. Gardiner 13   app. 14/5/15  W. 6/5/15
194    do G.R.L. Foote 13   app. 14/5/15   W. 3/5/15 serious
195 Lieut. J.F. Platt 15   T.O. at Alexandria
196 2nd Lt. J.E. Corbett 15   App. 10/5/15  D.C.M.
197    " J.E. Sparkes 15      "     14/5/15   W.  serious
198    " W.P. Fish 15      "     29/5/15
             

 

 

[[?]]  ANZAC INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN.
Army Corps Headquarters
19th. June. 1915.
Ig./527.
The enemy attacked part of the line of the 8th.
Army Corps last night. The attack was not vigorously pressed
and was beaten off by machine gun fire.
Thirty dead Turks were counted in front of our trenches.
There was a quiet day and night in front of the
French Corps.
The VIIIth ARMY Corps have gained a little ground on
both flanks during the last day or two.
A Turkish prisoner states that the complement of
machine guns to a regiment is four.
Over 1500 Turkish prisoners have now been taken by
the Allies since operations commenced against the Dardanelles.

18th. June. 1915.

It is reported that more German reserves have passed
through Bulgaria for Constantinople to work in Krupp's, who,
it would seem, have established a branch there.
There are reliable reports from Constantinople that
the Turks have agreed to cede Adrianopole to Bulgaria.
Germans are said to be leaving Constantinople.
It is rumoured that Liman von Sanders has been
slightly wounded.
Further reports regarding the loss of morale of the
Turkish troops have been received. It is also reported that
many Turkish officers have been replaced by Germans.
A reliable informant states that an attack on the
4th. June caused such despondency among the Turkish troops
owing to their heavy losses, and that their officers fear troops
and ammunition cannot be brought to their assistance in sufficient
numbers.
The bombs have great effect and they have lost a
great many men in the trenches from this cause. (F.B.) The
Bulgarians are great believers in the use of the bomb against
the Turk.
Up to May 24th. the Turkish losses were reckoned in
Constantinople to be 70,000 of which half are wounded.
The superiority of British material is admitted by
the Turks and the want of ammunition is becoming marked.
Aeroplane reports no massing of troops against
ANZAC (June 19th.)
There has been a quiet day and night all along the
southern front.
 

 

 Fourth Infy. Brigade 13/6/15
Analysis of History of Officers

Particulars H.Q. 13 14 15 16

Total

Brigade

Remarks.
Total names on
detailed listing of 10/6/15
  7  44  46  54  44  195  
Killed & Missing &    -    8    3  13 13    37  
War Prisoners.    -    -    -    -  2      2  
Died of Wounds    -    -    2    2   1      5  
Total finally lost    -    8    5   15  16   44  
Severely wounded &
not likely to return
   -    4    3    5    3    15  
Total to be written off
as War Casualties
   -   12    8  20  19   59  
Left at base    1    1    1    1     1      5  
Permanently invalided}
or transferred}
   1    1    1    2    1      6  
Total permanent losses    2  14  10  23  21    70  
Wounded, likely to return    -   8   5  10    3    26  
Wounded, already back    -   6   4   4    5    19  
Sick likely to return    1   4   5   1    5    17  
Sick already back    -    -    -   1    -      1  
Net temporary losses    1   12   10   11    9    43  
[[To?]] present ineffectives    3  26  20  34 30   113  
Present effectives    4  18  26  20  14    82  
New Reinforcements    -   7   6   9   4    26  
New Appointments    -   6   9  13   8    36  
Casualties among Reinfcts    -   2   2   4   3    11  
Casualties among new
Appointments
   -   5   1   8   2   16  

Original officers                133

Reinforcements                 26

New Appointments          36         195

Killed, Died of Wounds, & Missing                        44

Severely wounded & not likely to return             15

Wounded & sick, less rejoined                               48

Left at base & transferred                                          6             113

Present Effectives  82< of these only 44 are
original officers &
38 are Reinfcts &
new appointees.

 


 

OPERATION MEMORANDUM No.8
by
Brigadier-General H. B. Walker, D.S.O.,
Commanding 1st Australian Division.
Divisional Headquarters
13th June, 1915.
[*Sentry
groups on
observation
posts.*]
1. - With reference to paragraph 5 of "Instructions" for
new units on first going into the trenches", the term "observer"
has led to misunderstanding and will be discontinued. Men 
will hereafter be known and formally posted as double sentries.
The n.co., and six men will form a group which will be
regularly detailed and sentries will be formally posted throughout 
the day and night. Men of the group not on duty will 
always be in the immediate vicinity of double sentries. If 
the sentries are moved to a new observation post the group
must be moved also. In case of alarm groups will man the 
trenches on right and left of sentry posts.
(Where machine gun detachments find sentries over their guns 
these may be posted singly, such sentries must be posted 
formally and the following instructions regarding sentry duty 
are equally applicable to them.)

[*Orders for
sentry
Groups.*]
2. - Orders for groups and sentries will be prepared and
displayed on notice boards in each post. Suggestions as to
the subject and form of such orders are attached hereto for 
guidance. Requisitions for notice boards will be submitted 
to the engineer depot.

[*Relief of
Sentries.*]
 3. - In each brigade there will be definite hours for the
relief of sentry groups - these may vary in each sub-section 
but will be clearly laid down in each case.

[* Alarm
Signals.*]
4. - (i) By day the alarm signal will be the whistle as
laid down in Infantry Training (a succession of
alternate short and long blasts) supplemented by
local arrangements definitely prepared and
recorded by unit commanders.
(ii) By night sentries will at once arouse their
groups and the n.c.o., of the group will arouse
the company commander, whose position must always
be known to all n.c.os., in charge of groups.
In each unit arrangements will be definitely
prepared and promulgated for alarming supports
through the sentries over those bodies.

[*Supports.*]
5. - Men in support trenches are often widely scattered 
and not always under control of their officers and n.c.os.,
Supports will always be quartered by sections and platoons,
and will invariably be in the same place each night. Each 
subordinate commander will acquaint himself with the position 
in the fire trenches he has to occupy, see that his men know 
it, and the shortest route to it in case of alarm.

[*Fire trench
garrisons.*]
6. - With reference to para 6 of "instructions to new units
on going into trenches", while a sentry group of 6 men to each 
12 yards of trench may be a reasonable minimum by day,
Brigade and battalion commanders must determine the number of 
observation posts actually required on a particular frontage -
the principles governing their selection being that all ground 
must be under constant observation and effective fire. In 
case of sudden attack at night the groups must be sufficiently 
close together to provide an adequate firing line and in the 
fire trenches there should in addition be sufficient men at 
rest between the posts to establish a firing line of one man 
per yard.

[*Trench
Standing
Orders.*]
7. - A resume of certain orders of general application
regarding duties in the trenches are issued herewith in the 
form of "trench standing orders".
C.B.B.WHITE, Lt. -Colonel,
General Staff.
---------
 

 

 

Confidential 13
H.Q., N.Z. & A. Div.  13/6/15.
Anticipating that the G.O.C. would desire, as on previous occasions, 
an expression of opinion from me as to the relative merits 
of officers reported to meritorious service & conspicuous gallantry, in 
respect of the period from May 5 to June 2 when this Brigade was
withdrawn from Section 3 - in the event of his seeing fit to make 
further recommendations, I submit my views hereunder:-
For Special Mention:
Lt Col. Cannan (not previously mentioned) for his
c capable & energetic exercise of the command of Quinn's
post, from the successful sortie on May 9/10 until finally
relieved on May 28. -
Lt. Col. Burnage (previously mentioned) for his conduct of the 
Defence of Quinn's post, during the early morning of May 29 
up to the time that he was severely wounded.-
Lt Col. Pope (previously mentioned) who assumed command 
at Quinn's post upon LtCol Burnage being wounded, 
for organizing the counterassault & conducting the operations which 
led to the recovery of the lost ground, & the restoration of the 
whole work. -
For Rewards.  : -
1. Major E.L. Tilney 16th Bn (omitted from my earlier recommendations 
by an oversight - see my report of 23/5/15)
This officer, subsequent to the events narrated in previous 
report, carried out the duties of Second-in-Command
at Quinn's post until relief on June 1st, & actively
participated in all the offensive & defensive operations
of that post, during the whole period, behaving
throughout with conspicuous ability & courage.
 

 

 

Confidential 14
H.Q., N.Z. & A. Div

2. Major Herring 13th Bn  see my report of 2/6/15
3. Capt. Forsyth     do.           do.
4. Lieut. Hill             do.          do.
In my opinion the four cases selected, of those
submitted, are most deserving of reward, and,
as regards character of reward, in the order named
John Monash
Col.
C.O. 4th (Aust.) Inf. Bde.

 

 

 

15
14/6/15
H.Q. N.Z. & A. Div.
It is desired to bring under notice the excellent work done by 
the Regimental Medical & Stretcher Bearer Departments of this Brigade 
during the period Apl. 25 to June 2. - It is difficult to single out 
instances specially deserving of mention where all the personnel have
done so well, but in the cases of the three officers mentioned below,
in addition their most capable & efficient administration of their 
personnel, & their untiring attention to the wounded, their conduct 
has been characterized on many occasions by fearlessness, & disregard
[[?]] danger, of which some instances are cited:-
Capt. Roy S. McGregor A.A.M.C. while engaged in attending to the 
wounded on Apl. 30, in a dangerous locality, was himself wounded in 
the forearm, but remained on duty for several days, until it became
absolutely necessary for him to go to Hospital. After only 2 days absence, he returned
to his work, & frequently exposed himself to risk of further injury.-
Capt. T.F. G. Luther A.A.M.C. On 26/5/15 the bivouacs of the 15 & 16 
battalion came under heavy fire from Sharpshooters, & no less than 16 men
were hit in a short time. Captain Luther worked for the whole morning in 
the fireswept area, assisting to dress & bring these wounded to safety,
& frequently passing over fireswept areas in doing so.
Capt. G. Loughran AAMC. Whenever not actually at work at the 
dressing station, this officer was invariably right up in the front positions 
where he could render immediate aid. He repeatedly worked under 
heavy fire. His previous S.A. service stood him in good stead, & he has
throughout been a great factor in cheering & heartening the men, by 
his example & devotion to duty.
John Monash
Col.
C.O. 4th (Aust) Inf. Bde.
 

 

 

M.G. 14/6/15

  Det.                                                       Guns                                     
13 Courtneys
had 3 weeks spell)
2 of 13th
14 out  
15 Second line
(had a little spell)
2 of 15th
[16 left rear
of Courtney
2 machine guns.

35 @ ½ = 17 ½
5 @ 1     = 5
                          
                  22 ½
20 gallons
15@ ½ = 7 ½
 

 

 

OPERATION MEMORANDUM No. 9
by
Brigadier-General H.B.WALKER, D.S.O.
Commanding 1st Australian Division.
Divisional Headquarters,
14th June, 1915.

[*Transmission
of information*]
1. - (i) Information gained in one section or portion of a
section, which is of importance or interest to others, will
invariably be communicated directly to the section or part of 
the line concerned as well as to section or Divisional Hd.Qrs.
(ii) Similarly, when action is being taken in one
part of the line, all other portions affected or whose assistance 
is required, should be communicated with directly, and the 
action reported to section or Divisional Headquarters.
(iii) The signal service and regimental signallers
are primarily responsible for despatching these communications 
by the quickest and most reliable means, and for properly 
advising all concerned in case of any interruption or delay 
in the intercommunication system. Commanders are not thereby
absolved from the responsibility of satisfying themselves 
that the system is efficient in so far as it affects their 
command, and they should promptly report any defects discovered.
[*Maxim guns.*]
2. - Maxim guns will not be dismantled and packed up 
during the day; they will be held ready for action at all times.
In emplacements where this might lead to their disclosure, 
they will be lowered on their tripods or
otherwise concealed.
[*Saps and
tunnels.*]
3. - (i) The O.C. Div. Engrs. will arrange for the number 
of all tunnels and saps to be posted on a board at the tunnel 
entrance. Main tunnels, i.e., those running directly towards the enemy’s
trenches will be marked with the word "Main".
(ii) The operations of the last 40 hours have
emphasized the need of exercising every care to prevent the
enemy from locating our tunnels. The voice increases in volume 
and travels far in such confined spaces. Strict silence will 
therefore be observed not only in the tunnels but at the tunnel 
entrance.
In order to ensure this section commanders will
arrange for a sentry to be posted at the entrance to all main 
tunnels. The duty of this sentry will be: - 
(i) to prevent officers and men from assembling at the
entrance to tunnels;
(ii) to prevent conversation at tunnel entrances and for a
space of five yards on either side;
(iii) to prevent a block at the tunnel entrance of the
inevitable traffic in the trench.
[*Sap working
parties.*]
4. - Sap working parties will not be required to stand to 
arms with the remainder of the trench garrison.
[*Procedure
on posting
new units.*]
5. - When new units are posted in the trenches the O.C.
the unit being relieved will formally hand over to the incoming 
unit commander, and a representative of the brigade staff
will be present. All information regarding the line, the
location of observation posts and machine gun sections, will 
be communicated in writing. Copies of standing orders for the 
trenches, instructions for new units, and orders for groups 
and sentries will be formally handed over.
[*Ammunition
Supply.*]
6. - The following is the approved allotment of ammunition
(a) Per rifle .. On the man - 220 rounds (portion of
this may be kept in receptacles in the
fire trenche
In bde. reserve - 80 rounds.
(b) Per m. gun . . With gun  . .  11.500 rounds
In bde. reserve    . .  5,000 "
 

 

 

2. Opern. Memo. No. 9

[*Discipline.*]
7.(i) The attention of commanding officers is
drawn to the careless manner in which men are marched
to and from duties. In the interests of good order
and discipline, it is essential that all bodies of
troops should in all circumstances be properly
controlled. Men will therefore be regularly marched
in charge of an officer or n.c.o. when going to or
returning from any duty. This does not prevent the
officer or n.c.o. in charge moving the troops in
a formation which will ensure safety from fire.
(ii) A great number of men are still observed on
the roadways and tracks both singly and in groups, who
have no particular duty. Individuals will not be
allowed to leave their unit lines except for a
definite purpose in which case they should be in
possession of a pass.

C. B. B. WHITE  Lt.-Colonel.
General Staff.
 

 
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