Diary of Arthur Seaforth Blackburn, April 1942 - November 1944, Part 15 of 26

Conflict:
Second World War, 1939–45
Part of Quest:
Status:
Awaiting approval
Accession number:
AWM2020.22.18
Difficulty:
4

Page 1 / 5

June 10th) Another good night. Slept on solidly until 0550 Grs. still ratning & every wet + muddyI weald fairly good so far + nt water position impraving, Yesterday we goe practically none & as we have been warned tat it is unsape to dring unbarted water, &t was a sit uncomfortable. Foday we received a ancet for squad (about 30) 4 times. Mosequites very bad bere & at night we are almost eaten alive as en trefno mocequito rets yt until today when they were isined on basis of one for 4 officers. This means carrying my bedding ot wit aholder reon fo teo night but it is worth it. I am in no squad consiiting of 16 American Gous & Brigs, 8 Duth Goro, callaghan myself, Tauler menwell, Trost & Torrance. The suads ope ofan acdward size for meals as it is diffirult to serve out for 30. I washed out my cinglet & unerpants as they were step with sweet & I lave to no sares byt the rain started Again at once & I conednt dny them so bad to wear my pyfamas all the time. The camp is a barrack for troops which lias been added to by necessary building + surrounded lye fouce about 10-12 feet ligh built of Cambooo. There are mactially no roads a Gathways made. The samp itself is on the bank of swall river and is vern fw-lying It is surrounded by trees bi bambour+ flow wills. yae mountains started about two or three miles pivy. We cannot see anything whatever of the sterrauding country as our inmediate view is limited to thg confined of the camp. However werilst cominghier in open trucks we could see that it was good fortile country the whole way we were travelling troul sug gine eied ptatoes, peanuts & all sorts of other Hagetables; pea ontensive rise fields. still very wet + terribly muddy. Kained all day without a break nisson authoritie snt tr Brig Fott today & to him that from now on ee will cease to have adything todo with ked s store. OD arrived todays mattreig killed with Hraw were sined. So far we have been Bleeping an the floor. vigilant guard started here last night. One orficer in cable but has to go on duty at a time so we will each get it about 1 night in 9010 as we areguing to d1£ his each o there ale 61 in this but. Eartlequatee this morning at 0530 brs. Very wet again & a bit eder spent be morning trying a clean the windows in my room scrubbing te table & floor etc. Had only one small dirty rag + one landbershig avaipole so fully realise now the dispicuetie of window pleaning For some reason I aad an ontherned vivid doca about malcaling many last mast. En my drean lose & I were rash enough to try & smooth out teir differences & disagreements - and remavlidoly enough we suscgeded in doing so & bringing than together again. Rose & the children & malcolm waryg Drstine were all ontremely vivid. I only wish it wee gue! The nixon authorities again stated today that the reason vegetaoles were a bit scarce was because ofthe unexpectedly wet weatheer. meallier Arolee during the night & this morning by the time wve got up the rain had stopped, although there were stiel plents of clands about. Innediatel apter brolfart I again washed we few clothes I have hove with we a nather I renised them in cold wrter as Icannot efare any sap at present. We get no bot water for washing at all. It is becoming very difficult as my clothed, sodes ets were all wringing wet from sweat we we arrived & the weather has been pretty piocaty over June 14t since. Attended Chirrch Service this morning. Fine bright day, sun being really hot. Bot neals ofe continuing ndersthi morning that hion acthrit forbid anyone to lie on their beds between vercilla & overing ll call. It seems a couseless rule as there is nothing whatever to do in te agtennoons for most or ust fracticall no reading matter here until our lieavy Daggage arring. The gajance papers which we see pairly regalary the ones faint in English - have been absolutely full latel of reports that we are vereistents bombing their haspital pluss & also these of the Italian & Fermans. about te middle of may bee paperso nine allead cses of deliberate bombing of hospital ships or attacks on them by eutemarines & say w Gapan has filed a protest through toe proper channelo. Anda real bridge day today Claayed from 09001130 1330- 1715. Runero are current tonigal of a good bea brow wl Comrow. Another has ednny t morning. sortly aft brealfa recared an issue of lt sugar teb sall 15 1207 & 1 day tin of Dully, wehed for half an hour camying stones & making a patheval through the mud. &elt quite orbausted when I finished wnt doros t have a reiver this afternoon as there & a bise room with four good shawers, but found, that the water was turned ap. An impleasant chen disase is greading througbout the camp. Boots were all called no feet into a bostroom today Found this merking that anto had got into my engar in spite of all my pecautions, made a strong wilden bray + stood the legs in water + feet my eugron that. Parade ordered for 11300 urs. The rigoual Eap udt fo parentes addressed us & informed us that he would live with us & work with hs & endeavour to make our conditions: sitse ntopia. He enplained that communte ations were poor but we were in a reca destrict. We all hope this precasts much nove vegotble + frait I banmans per man issuld today, aner issued that in puture tere will be no bt baths but shower will be worling & we may tale a shower whenever we lite first outside worning roll call, Interpreter placed us on farade facing in a certain direction. AD. kept ce an parade to take the roll call + then heft us waiting whilst be altered whole pavade around & face in another direction. Fixed hours for drawing bot water lave now been arranged -0800, 1030, 1315 & 1550 les. The personnel in this camp are: From TAMASATA (our pevious cam after we originally left KARENKo) offices Frour KARENKO cnlisted men total) 84 The name of this camp is and it is about 17 bilos from The aprose stacks of Red Coso strree still quissued ar: corred beef 1955 ebs. NYY saaay sal Parcels as we people from TAMASATH have had prove of our grefortion of the Ded Cross stuff issned to us than the KARENKo pople have, it is necessary to adjust same by issuing the remaining stocks (which the hyppans he jooled) in greater quantity to the KARENRO people than to us. Heave baggage started to arrive today only my matteers Hble arrived out none of my other. All water was cut off at about 1400 trs oiving to a Creardown in the artision bere.
June 18th Water still disconnected + everione feeling were dirt uncomfortable. Water was dernied in dlixing tha pide by natives for bretefast whish was served on time at about 0630 las a litg teak on whos amised with more for lunsh soup otc but at about 8000 the water Service was restored. Very leavy rain commenced about 0700 lwvs + be place was very soon) water neals were much impoved today as a big supply sweet potatols came in, n vigilantt guard Eiglt from 0430- 0600 Heavy baagage is arriving in small bits eacl day Out so far o move of mine untol tay when my hilbag arrived absolutely socked through still waiting for my trunk. The crries mostly Oning in furniture, cember ett & anly occasional bits of bagage. Iaue of t ofa water melon cace & two bahanas today. Ondercored today tt if anyone was sout to hospital with diarboca due to not masticating their foox properly they would not be permitted to reseive treatment no indication given as to how this is to be decided. Commenced senving tho rice today in consinction with sallers. It is a big job serving for 301. Ns my mosquite net was in my kittng I returned to see in my own room tonight. Order out ta that in future "siestas would be allowed p 1300-1500. Very beavy earllitrener at 0830 this morning, the beavie we have yet bad. It started with a sile lond enjeosion instead of the usual gradually insteasing yoar and tere was no following roar, so it mit possibly have been a big enplosion sonewhere. an Just befove Cheale service today it was announsed that everyone must stand by for dental eamination 20 carvied bad to be potfaned. more baggage is arriving daily but still no signs of my trunk. We were eas issued with 112oyti of bully Dabout 3 lbo of sugar today also 2 bananas. Danjoo sare in a stacking coldition, they are overlowing into the open drains of the steuple arund the camp is overpowering, my roon is iumediatel opposite &about 10 feet from the biggest banio o talre of now a great pool of urine reailling almost to my soydow 21s Eartle trenr at 0600 livo this moning m tank arrived to day. It is battered almost out of ecognittion I ligd to break it open as the lacking desfice had seen so badly bent. Having faced it open it wont saut again but I had everything so traatly packed tat te was not a cingle Grestage. Istopped the interpreter as the be passed thhough our but this morning + got permission to mave wnto a wacant room on the oposite side of the passage so we maved after luncl. Hhe room has a mtich pleasanta slitlook onto trees bordering the small nive which runs alongside us + it away from the inmediate presence of the Ranyo" Very wet afternoon. uneveriful day. W ashed clothes in the worning. Went to bed immediately after well call & switched off the ligat A cartoy came in innediately & made in swetch it on again as it wasnt lights out until 2400 aro! Order issued today when we conylained about the light icident east night, that in future ligats will not be pernuitted to be turned off until 2150 lrs) Reported that hospital will move into the vew building which is going up in one coner often Composend as con po it to finished & that then about 90 more officers, waste it colo + majors will be moved into this cp all remaining hed trow store were issued. today, &t wer out at about 6ebo of engar each. It was impsible to fiv individal containers for this so it was put in the a bago on a bedsteed standing in t of water wie graduall issued as required. We each got I tris of yr4& prcels between 4 Callaghan I being anod to overgot 14 parcels between us. Three more banands ach tody. June 24th A proposel was made today, apparentl by save Ameniian officers, that as a tolen of apreciation we sould give the camp cout 10 10 tim of bully beg out u a small surpens which remains. It is suggested that he is cross with us over something & that this joil popitiate him, I am glad to say that the propocal was turned down li an overwhelming majority in this sua oters I more lanines today! weals have ben much better te last fow days + we hope that the lean period is over for the present. gence around new bospital oniling stuting it of as comfound wils removed this nrning. soe heore ognan eser today & also ten pachats of cigarettes each. 2o has been raining wastically every aptennoon lately and so I have started another method of cleasing my clothe I aw found a Ducket laitering which apparetl no body claimed, so I fut the dirty cothes in it & pt it where it catches the overflow from the roof & le term soaking in the rainwater all niggt & all day + then after about 48 lours will take them out a vince an uson evening roll call that i& an 5 cases of malaria in the hospital. 2 Canas eacl way s0a First death in this camp occurred last migat, sol. Beccina ofthe U.S.A. wh had been i hospital At Karenke for a leng time with heart trouble of which he finally died, uneveniful day. Three we bonanas each + a backet of meat in the soup which gove it quite a flavour. There are a lange number of valy raobits heve now & they are a speer delight Tee mooits are of a variety known go new yeald Whites. Lng white far + pinl eyes. The young ones are the sweetest things ever, They are allowed put & hop all over the place. They have beome completd taime & dont in the least mind being picked fn I foudled. They come quite veadily to you if you hold out your land geven the grown oner dout mind being strobed, I have seldom son anything eavelier a more cuddlesome" tean te bluane. The vestle against your body & twitch they hoses & their laro + look at one in the most engaging way. 27t Sunday. At Senvice this monning Brig. I Brougher introduced an innovation the delivered a very thoughtful + good aadress on the culiect clased is the meek ford they shall inheret the earth". He pointed out that meet" is synonenou with our humble & eulanged on the virtue of proper humilit with apprpiate reading of passages from the now Testament. It was very much appecated by all ensge we didhards who disaproved of any variation from the established following ofthe Cof sevice in the pager-book. I bananas each uneventful day. Hlevee more bonanas, Eash. It is becoming quite nggular + is much appreciated, Ligilant guard tonight from 2400 - 0130. mesquitoes are getting werse & morse, Bangos broming full to over blowing everywhere, Ours has not been enlied sue we arrived lieve.
20th Jully o July 2rd malaria a steadily icreasing tou to five 1 day are advitted to lospital reweral tn addition are being treated in their owns In addition to all Cw it is regarted that Six of the Jajance staf are down with it. It is remored that the camp was closed some time age as a gapanese barracks oiving to the prevalance of inalaria. A staff officer + a General I believe- from Prisaner of rear Belrean Holys rispected us today. We all stood in our monis or quarters & be just walked along the corrider, so far as I know be didnt speale to any of the prisoners. managed to do an exclange today of two 1204 tires of bully for three 804 tig the 8oy this suit me much better as I can pake them last only about two days in this climate. This morning at 0900 livs a nippon Col + verious other officers came through the camp & inspected us. no bananas today - be first day we have missed for some time, uneventful day-very bot & with no rain. I finished me speel as food senver tonight. Wee are going to do 14 days each division of the squad water turned on today in our wash-place, &t will take a fa days for the wooden cistern pts to take ut and at present it leales like a seive but it is a great conveniance as it gives us a place to pacl ourselves clase to our won & is also right alongide the bangs. Two mangoves each iosued torty but no banarlas. They don't look very good mangores. Bris. Wote down with malaria this afternoon. camp autboritie took 20 blands out to wals this morning which is the first tim time they have had comfulsary work for officers for same tare. Eantle tremar last night about 3100 lrs. into got across m "defences last night & this manin my Sugar was awarming in them. I lead to spend a bang it up o prscading te ants put of it. 2 time cle trrible trial to bocseleepers i cs cuntay must be Another inspection this morning by some col from the step. a very tall, pleciant Cooking officer! This afternoon I walked down to be end of the passage to go into a now there & pla bridge & got a very nice strong breege blowing in. Sour thing in it I do not know whether it was a scant of something or what it was carried we tandly vividl back home. Io was so sharp that I nearly howled with longing. cloudy but stell Act in Afternoon Very bot clar day up to midday, Hottest geen we have bad so par. It is curious how tuistable the earters surface is here. There is an earth tremer of graater a less degree pactically very 24 houps. Hld an acute attick of indigestion last night which left me awake o some time. It is the first I have hd since long before leaving tAUA so am feeling a bit disapointed today. Have been having the mast shenamenal ran of brock at Bridge lately. He my friends keep witting me with the old saying sucky at cards, unlucky in love, but I know better. I doubt if any human being knows better ban I do how lucky I am in my love - with Rose for my wife. Another mopection today. This time by af major gen from H.Q. at Taikoku, the capital of the Island. He was a tall pleasant looking, soldielly looking man Jally July 8 The glorious 4th July, so dear to the Amentino. In celeberation we were allowed to beat puddingg tumed gods etc in the bitchen this moning, for midday ncal. I reated a steal + tomats purting out of my pex cross parcel. This afternoon we were would with a fan each + also a parcel of coolsies, & seven banands. Tonights soup was the best since we have come to this camp, really thisly & with quite a bit of meat in it It is remarleable how toucly everyone gets in this camp, leading too life we do. I think everyone has reriodical fits as deep dejressiony + lenah I do. When one is in this state a chance jobing remark assumes terriole proportions & one is gpt to brood over them until one becomes so miserable that he is a burden to himself & to everyone else. It is quite noticeable to me and tends to make me very careful in what I say to other peaple. Our having a sligat resurrence of tinea on my feet & had to ge to col Perham & got them treated again today attended te usual church Bervice tolay. all our chairg & table were talen away today & taken right out of camp, which of course greated a flood of runiors as to a move. However late this afternoon a fresh lot of tadle & chairs came in & were issued. We got a much better table + chairs just abbut the same so did well out ofthe change. An amusing incident occurred over the chairs, which again aludrates how toushy & suspicious this life makes people. Our graup of six Australions _ &vally & aust &1 canation – got six cleairs allottd to us. Two good well srng chairs, tre chairs with uppolstored seats but no eprings + one plain hard wooden clair. We arranged them in three gravps- each of the sprung chairs with an inispring upholstored chair + the wooden chair + an unsping ucolstared one, making the tard group. We then cat cards for the order in which we were to take our hich of the graup I cut lowest & with the remark ruele I know which group will be left for me picked up the wooden chair & took it into ay room). I was immediately accused an J. of pating a swifty over him bu walking off with te wooden chair beond be had had his hish I imediatel oppered him the wooden chair in return for any other at all & be toole up + the incident closed ery let licned day. startel working this morning in constructing a path to lead tthe bangs: out o too mud. After about a quarter of an hour t Interpeter came along ordered us to stap as they were gaing to do that. Tropt a bit off color with tnnytoudle today. Inglis my batman has develosed skin disease & so has to go off all duty. A large bod astroop - Cooles about a Ru-marched in today to some barracks about 4 mill away
July 7th We got a litte bit of excitement last night. At evering wll call the interpeter informed, his tato tyfloon was expected during the night & that we must make suve that evenitling I was secualy fastened, windows secured ets. It had been getting move & more appressive all day + by evening there was a ternibly black angry1 Colsing sly. about 2100 live it started to rean but seen staped & teat was all that happered. There wasn't over a gentle brege! This morning we were warned that the major gan in shange of Army Police would insject us at 0830 fir: we got all tready & waited in our rooms until 0925 brs when we were informed that the inspection was porfera. This aftenoon we were allawed to get at our spare fortwear which we had not seen since leaving Famasate & to clan sames mine my shaes had a coating of would over them & were a bit bent out ofshape but were not in bad condition. Nigilant guard last night 0130_0300 lers. Rain started about idnight continued all d ist & today, try Cool breeze, in fact the cooledt day since te have drriod here. Last scale training manscurres have bear going on around us yesterday, last night & today in spite of the rain. Heang fining (blanks of cur from rigles, y.As. gartillery g has been going on all the time, is orternon we were disuld with hts blace etc -2 sheets each g two more blanketo. They are al pretty muste + dirty having been packed tulce comin from Karenlio but are very acceptable. Hhe some fenon unknown to us roll call tonigat was fixed for 1900 lirs. Owing to construction of drains ett the atl which we wade from our but to to be renged wetes to we had to tamn and in another. It was pouring with rain +d got wet to the dein - with rain instead of the usual perspiration. 9t manocuores are still going on, all last night in the pouring rain & again today. Ten packset of shiri Saga cigarettes each were issued today. Io is runged that quite a big supply came i but only a few lave been released, apes for Bamasata gamp have been waked out + fosted uup today. nave been debited with 36 yen for April & 50 for may 10th Ander issued today that we must fut all books which we have into a common libran Rules pul allow books to be hept out for 5 days so this veractidly dabars we from reading my eyes aness bad but I cannot read a long enough at a spetch t read any admary book in 5 days, gave a lecture last night to some British officers on the sysian cnpaign 11th Sunday. Read the lesson at this movnings chench savice Fine day. ineventful. Taclonigat to Alistralan Officers from & Dir on the Commission of Entrol of Eyxia. our cauteen a were issued today Fom now on rstead of putting in an order for goods &then receiving them & having our apes debited with certain amounts we are each to receive 50 pyens worth of notes "in various demanination with weich we can buy what we want to from what the canteen has in stack. the apl trouble is that up to date the canteon has pactually nothing at all in stock _ not even cigarettes. How- over we are hoping for stocks to come in. Hee potes are marked on the face with the denomination the words D.O.W. cauteen twhat is printedr them. each of them is nembered & a vecerd is beft the particular notes issued to each idividual 130 This mernings sunrixe was be mose beautiful one the I have ever seen. He sun rises behind the mountais & appearing over tle top of the wountains before be seen actually appeared was a perfect rergetation of our resing sun in every conslivable state of penl. The rays stretched right across te slay r berizow to beryen & with its cacleground o vivid blue as the t clouds were do eight as m scercely to obscure the blue at all, made a sight which was intensdly interesting. Then after a few minutes all te rays sccnted o concentrate on a great big mass of clouds which appeared on the western berion. There clouds were a compact wass resing up to a peak & they became successively vioid ved, finle in every slade + finally intense aevery bright. The whole effect was absolutely marvellors. 14t Canteen started tocday but each indiidials purchase was limited to 250 shir Saga Cigaretty & two bottles or Walsamoto. Capt. womillan who was with as at Lamasate maved over to our but today & was put in one ofles empty rooms. His morning an order was cosued that all beading & all clothes not actually being wrn must be speadout in the cun + aived. Muctitally every yard of ground, as well as all pasts, ropes, lines ett were very coon covered with blanliets, nattresses, clothed etc. & soalied a blankset, which needed iadiin overnight + this morning took on the fil a washing it - in hard, cold water & with no soap. It was a frightful is & I dont bnow that I did much good, all my clothes which are supposed to be whit, vots & insterpants, towel et are becoming a murky brown + I dont know how oget them any cleaner, a lot of te rabbits have died off in the wet rain days & there are now only three baby rabbits left. It is alleged that the grass here is unsuitable + the enlisted men have been werlsing hard planting some special grass. We have had no heavy rain for about 5 days & it has been terribly hot in the sun. The nights, intil about widnight are always terribly close rptusy. I am in a constant bath of propiration. starting serving the rice for the squad pgain today for a further 14 days. Today we got some beally heavy rain, the first for some times. Enterely uneventful day. Vigilant guard last night from 0420-0600 ars 18d to commenced to rain about 0300 hrs this nevring + has absolutely poured, without a paux, ever since. all the drains are running bauliess + the small week which flows alanguide the coup is now a swift mudy stream. Canteen opeved again today with some fruit syrup, shoe lases & toilet paper, Church service have to be gbandoued as the clo. were nearly all on woling prtie
July 19t Today we were to be inspected by some one who ws al our new camp comt ort anew officer in cleane of all P.O.W. camps in TAINAY. However it was amound on this wornings roll call that the inspection had been posttaned untel tomorrow at 0830, lst nig tee was a pailure aftle ligats & we were in mylate dalines both for evening rell call o subsequence, all night. The instection was again but off until tomorrow but this menning we were insported by the samp commandant& this aftemoon we had a fere alam gractice. We ead to tell off the usual fire squads & the rest of us had to fall in on the prade ground each canying a blarket where we stood in the sum doing nothing for some time. The great inspection is to take place today. Inspection of Cnachs is at 0950 & this afternoon we are 62on parae in full uniform & then to d five-drie ets. It is a very still bot day gwe lubidity i terrible. The inspecting officer was a colonel who ly has evidently from his decorations - sen very considerable service. Everything seemed to go of very well. vend dull wet day. weals are getting were again & the soup has been particularly then & por the last few days. this aftanoon we bad a terrific downfour graw all the gutters & drain in the camp area wee soon overflawing + then te sinall creek running outside the fence overflowed& came sach inside the camp avea. The resilet was that the weiote pace was soon under water. A strean five of six wishes deep & ten or twelve feet wide flowed right under our barrades + we wondered is it would wash it away. He rain stoped in about two hours + we had an enanle of hew quidly this se drains as in about another twenty minutes wthing was nomel a letter was fut in to the authorities yesterday from the semar officer of each nationality draying attantion to serious state we are getting wit Crough the poor diet. I have developed a form as tuea on my seet + do not seem able to chack it as it is getting steadily worse in spite by sentments so suplied by the hospital 24th Last night we had an earthquate strock +f today about 1100 lds we had the severest one we lave yet had. she whole building shrook severely & a boull of fruit syrup on my shelf was enoched over with the severity of the trenbling. It was accompanied - as was a pevious one - bn a single lond enlosion with ne pelimnary or after subsequent rumbling. Runers are rife today that we are all to be made to go out to warr again shortly to establish a vegetable Larden. As we got nothing from the last one, ibod to very been on it. Tonigets weal was very much bester than they have been lately. Today we were issned will hlf a peneaple each. Hey were nice big juy pineaples. The cantn apered tay wi five hacets of gartes each. I also got a bowle of tul & an eraser. Bought a bon a cs fr wining with cigarette tbake for my fife I cast 16450 sen, Vork on the soupt touight. Foday a meeting of different gus was held to cnsider the question of work, as apparently it ha been stated that we will be expected to establish a farm again. In our Austration greap we all felt it would of useless to refuse to do the mork unless we are mepared to kanny that refusal on to its pgie Encluin even to starvation a imprisonment ar even death. after much discussion our graup decided they were prepared to co-operate in such wak as our age + plussical condition rendered us able to to, 2th work is going ou for a new fauce around the camp just wide the present banboo ponce, socal labgrers have been in yesterday & Aday & have put up a row of stout wooden poats about 5 -6 feet high. It looks as though they are the refrigats for barb wire curtain "puce. at the same time a party of culisted men from te camy are being made to cut dack all the growth trees & all, for a spacela 1520 yds outsi to present pence. Numers are mon throughout the camp that 20 ofter rifiated men are to be maved from this camp to a working camp. We at present only leave 1 Odtman to three officers + if this move comes of we will vertually oe without Batman. Dicks Wirthday 27th (Vigilant guard last night from 0130 -0304. Hospital moved into its new quarters yesterday. It is very crowded, only about one foot between beds. A lange nemmber of fresh rabbits have been perchased as west ofthe old ones have died. Bangs is s again in a disgusting state. It has been overflowing for two days now out no gort seems to be wlide to have it evstied canteen day. All that was anadable was two packets of cigarettes fer man, boate of fruit pic tongt t and some boatlacks. Rumar that a presoner has escaped from one of the other camps & ptaged at liberty for two days before being re-captured Three rineaples por equad of 50 itsued today i addition to te usual bananas. my two Conanas today were quite green & uneatable but will soon ryen up. I had be ench to drai a quarter of a pincaple - we drew lots for them. 5164 N6.70 30l He camp authorities weighed us today. The last weighing was on 3 June. I weished 114.7 cles today - an increase of nearly 5 els. no banan asue today. Yesterday Another group of about 300-400 Japanese soldiers marched in to the barracks near live, apparently to dotraining like the last lot & so we can expect to have very little fruit & vegetables for the rent far days. yee caes are still in a disgusting state averglowing evenywhere. They have been like that for several days now. It is peue increduble that the nypones authoitie should allow such a dreadful state of affairs to continue. We will be lucky if we dont get a bad efidence one of these days because of it.

[*June 10th*] Another good night. Slept on solidly until 0550 hrs.

Still raining & very wet & muddy. Meals fairly good

so far & hot water position improving. Yesterday we

got practically none & as we have been warned that 

it is unsafe to drink unboiled water, it was a

bit uncomfortable. Today we received a bucket per

squad (about 30) 4 times. Mosquitoes  very bad here & at

night we are almost eaten alive as there are no mosquito

nets yet until today when they were issued on basis of one

for 4 officers. This means carrying my bedding etc into another

room for the night but it is worth it. I am in No 1 squad 

consisting of 16 American Gens & Brigs, 8 Dutch Gens, Callaghan,

myself, Taylor & Maxwell, Trott & Torrance. The squads are

of an awkward size for meals as it is difficult to serve

out for 30. I washed out my singlet and underpants today

as they were stiff with sweat & I have to no spares but the

rain started again at once & I couldn't dry them so had 

to wear my pyjamas all the time.

The camp is a barrack for troops which has been added

to by necessary buildings & surrounded by a fence about

10 - 12 feet high built of bamboo. There are practically 

no roads or pathways made. The camp itself is on the

bank of a small river and is very low - lying.

It is surrounded by trees & big bamboo & low hills.

The mountains started about two or three miles away.

We cannot see anything whatever of the surrounding

country as our immediate view is limited to the

confines of the camp. However whilst coming here in open

trucks we could see that it was good fertile country.

The whole way we were travelling through sugar cane,

sweet potatoes, peanuts & all sorts of other vegetables; also

extensive rice fields.

[*11th*] Still very wet & terribly muddy. Rained all day without

a break. Nippon authorities sent for Brig Trott today & told

him that from now on he will cease to have anything 

to do with Red Cross stores. B.P. arrived today. Mattresses

filled with straw were issued. So far we have been

sleeping on the floor.

[*12th*] Vigilant guard started here last night. One officer in

each but has to go on duty at a time so we will each

get it about  1 night in 9 or 10 as we are going to do 1½

hrs each & there are 61 in this hut. Earthquake this

morning at 0530 hrs. Very wet again & a bit colder.

Spent the morning trying to clean the windows in my

room, scrubbing the table & floor etc. Had only one

small dirty rag & one handkerchief available so fully

realise now the difficulties of window cleaning.

For some reason I had an extremely vivid dream

about Malcolm & Mary last night. In my dream Rose

& I were rash enough to try to smooth out their

differences & disagreements - and remarkably enough

we succeeded in doing so & bringing them together

again. Rose & the children & Malcolm, Mary & Christine

were all extremely vivid. I only wish it were true !

The Nippon authorities again stated today that the

reason vegetables were a bit scarce was because

of the weunexpectedly wet weather.

[*13th*] Weather broke during the night & this morning by the time

we got up the rain had stopped, although there were

still plenty of clouds about. Immediately after breakfast

I again washed the few clothes I have here with me

or rather I rinsed them in cold water as I cannot spare

any soap at present. We get no hot water for washing

at all. It is becoming very difficult as my clothes, socks

etc were all wringing wet from sweat when we 

arrived & the weather has been pretty " sweaty" ever

[*June 13th *]

[ *contd* ]  since. Attended church service this morning.

[*14th*] Fine bright day, sun being really hot. Poor meals are

continuing. Order issued this morning that Nippon Authorities

forbid anyone to lie on their beds between reveille &

evening roll call. It seems a senseless rule as there is nothing

whatever to do in the afternoons for most of us & practically

no reading matter here until our heavy baggage arrives. The

Japanese papers which we see fairly regularly - the ones printed

in English - have been absolutely full lately of reports that we are

persistently bombing their hospital ships & also those of the

Italians & Germans. About the middle of May the papers set out

nine alleged cases of deliberate bombing of hospital ships

or attacks on them by submarines & say that Japan has filed

a protest through the proper channels. Had a real "bridge"

day today. Played from 0900 - 1130 & 1330 - 1715. Rumors are

current tonight of a good Red Cross issue tomorrow.

[*15.*] Another hot sunny day morning. Shortly after breakfast received

an issue of 1 lb sugar ½ lb salt 1 & 12 oz, & 1  8 oz tin of bully.

Worked for half an hour carrying stones & making a pathway

through the mud. Felt quite exhausted when I finished.

Went across to have a shower this afternoon as there is a nice

room with four good showers, but found that the water 

was turned off. An unpleasant skin disease is spreading

throughout the camp. Boots were all called in & put into 

a bootroom today.

[*16th*] Found this morning that ants had got into my sugar

in spite of all my precautions. made a strong wooden

tray & stood the legs in water & put my sugar on that.

Parade ordered for 1300 hrs. The  original Camp Comdt from

Karenko addressed us & informed us that he would

live with us & work with us & endeavour to make our

conditions "like utopia" . He explained that communications

were poor but we were in a rich district. We

all hope this forecasts much more vegetables & fruit.

3 bananas per man issued today. Order issued that in

future there will be no hot baths but showers will

be working & we may take a shower whenever we like.

[*17th*] First outside morning roll call. Interpreter placed us

on parade facing in a certain direction. B.P. kept came

on parade to take the roll call & then kept us waiting

whilst he altered the whole parade around to face in

another direction. Fixed hours for drawing hot water

have now been arranged - 0800, 1030, 1315 & 1530 hrs.

The personnel in this camp are : - 

from TAMASATA ( our previous camp

after we originally left KARENKO) 48 officers

From KARENKO                                189   "

Enlisted men (total)                           84

The name of this camp is                   and it is about

17 kilos from

The approx stacks of Red Cross stores still unissued are :-

corned beef 1955 lbs.

M & V             1066  "

sugar             4595  "

salt                   950  "

Parcels            254  "

As we people from TAMASATA have had more of our

proportion of the Red Cross stuff issued to us than the

KARENKO people have, it is necessary to adjust same

by issuing the remaining stocks ( which the Nippons have

pooled)  in greater quantity to the KARENKO people

than to us.

Heavy baggage started to arrive today. Only my 

mattress roll arrived but none of my other. All

water was cut off at about 1400 hrs owing to a

breakdown in the artesian bore.

 

[*June 18th*] Water still disconnected & everyone feeling very dirty &

uncomfortable. Water was carried in during the night

by natives for breakfast which was served on time.

At about 0630 hrs a big tank on wheels arrived with

more for lunch soup etc but at about 0800 the water

service was restored. Very heavy rain commenced

about 0700 hrs & the place was very soon water logged.

meals were much improved today as a big supply of

sweet potatoes came in, Was Am on vigilant guard tonight

from 0430 - 0600.

[*19th*] Heavy baggage is arriving in small bits each day but so

far no more of mine until today when my kitbag

arrived absolutely soaked through. Still waiting for

my trunk. The lorries mostly bring in furniture, timber

etc & only occasional bits of baggage. Issue of ¼ of a 

water - melon each & two bananas today. Order issued 

today that if anyone was sent to hospital with

"diarrhoea due to not masticating their food properly"

they would not be permitted to receive treatments. No

indication given as to how this is to be decided.

Commenced serving the rice today in conjunction

with Bakkers. It is a big job serving for 30.  As my

mosquito net was in my kitbag I returned to sleeping

in my own room tonight. Order out today that in

future "siestas" would be allowed from 1300 - 1500.

[*20th*] Very heavy earthtremor at 0830 this morning, the heaviest

we have yet had. It started with a single loud

explosion instead of the usual gradually increasing roar,

and there was no following roar, so it might possibly

have been a big explosion somewhere. Af Just before

Church Service today it was announced that everyone

must stand by for dental examination so services had

to be postponed.  More baggage is arriving daily but

still no signs of my trunk. We were each issued with 

1 12 oz tin of bully & about 3 lbs of sugar today also 2 

bananas. "Banjos" are in a shocking condition, they are

overflowing into the open drains & the stench around

the camp is overpowering. My room is immediately opposite

& about 10 feet from the biggest banjo & there is now

a great pool of urine reaching almost to my window.

[*21st*] Earth tremor at 0600 hrs this morning. My trunk

arrived today. It is battered almost out of recognition.

I had to break it open as the locking device had been

so badly bent. Having forced it open it wont shut

again but I had everything tightly packed that

there was not a single breakage. I stopped the

interpreter as the he passed through our hut this

morning & got permission to move into a vacant room

on the opposite side of the passage so we moved

after lunch. The room has a much pleasanter 

outlook onto trees bordering the small river which

runs alongside us & it away from the immediate

presence of the "Banjo". Very wet afternoon.

[*22nd*]. Uneventful day. Washed clothes in the morning.  Went

to bed immediately after roll call & switched off the

light. A sentry came in immediately & made us

switch it on again as it wasn't lights out until

2100 hrs!

[*23rd.*] Order issued today when we complained about the light

incident last night that in future lights will not be

permitted to be turned off until 2100 hrs. Reported that

hospital will move into a new building which is 

going up in one corner of the compound as soon as it

is finished & that then about 90 more officers with

it. Cols & Majors will be moved into the camp. W

 

All remaining Red Cross stores were issued today. It worked

out at about 6 lbs of sugar each. It was impossible to find

individual containers for this so it was put in the original

 bags on a bedstead standing in tins of water & will be 

gradually issued as required. We each got 3 tins of M&V & 

3 parcels between 4. Callaghan & I being an odd two over got

1 ½ parcels between us. Three more bananas each today.

[*June 24th*] A proposal was made today apparently by some American

officers, that as a token of appreciation we should give the 

Camp Comdt. 10 12 oz tins of bully beef out of our a

small surplus which remains. It is suggested that he is

cross with us over something & that this will propitiate

him. I am glad to say that the proposal was turned down

by an overwhelming majority in this squad & others.

3 more bananas today. Meals have become much

better the last few days & we hope that the lean

period is over for the present.

[*25.*]Fence around new hospital building shutting it off from rest

of compound was removed this morning. Two more bananas

each today & also ten packets of cigarettes each. It has

been raining practically every afternoon lately and so

I have started another method of cleaning my clothes.

I hav found a bucket "loitering" which apparently no

body claimed, so I put the dirty clothes in it & put

it where it catches the overflow from the roof & leave

them soaking in the rainwater all night & all day &

then after about 48 hours will take them out & rinse

them. Interpreter informed us on evening roll call that

there are already 15 cases of malaria in the hospital. 2

[*26*] bananas each today.

[*26th*] First death in this camp occurred last night, Col.

Berecina of the U.S.A. who had been in hospital

at Karenko for a long time with heart trouble of

which he finally died. Uneventful day. Three more

bananas each & a basket of meat in the soup which

gave it quite a flavour. There are a large number of

baby rabbits here now & they are a sheer delight.

The rabbits are of a variety  known as New Zealand

Whites. Long white fur & pink eyes. The young ones

are the sweetest things ever. They are allowed out

& hop all over the place. They have become completely

tame & don't in the least mind being picked up

& fondled. They come quite readily to you if you

hold out your hand & even the grown ones don't

mind being stroked. I have seldom seen anything

lovelier or more 'cuddlesome" than the baby ones. They

nestle against your body & twitch their noses &

their ears & look at one in the most engaging way.

[*27th*] Sunday. At Service this morning Brig. Gen Brougher introduced

an innovation. He delivered a very thoughtful & good

address on the subject "Blessed is the meek for they shall

inherit the earth". He pointed out that "meek" is synonomous 

with our "humble" and eulanged on the virtues of proper

humility with appropriate reading of passages from the

New Testament. It was very much appreciated by all 

except the "die-hards" who disapproved of any 

variation from the established following of the C of E

service in the prayer-book. 2 bananas each.

[*28.*] Uneventful day. Three more bananas, Each. It is

becoming quite regular & is much appreciated. Vigilant

guard tonight from 2400-0130. Mosquitoes are

getting worse & worse. Bangos becoming full to over-

flowing everywhere. Ours has not been emptied since

 we arrived here.

 

[*29.*] Malaria cases are steadily increasing. Four to five per day

are admitted to hospital & several in addition are being

treated in their own rooms. In addition to all this
it is reported that six of the Japanese staff are down

with it. It is rumored that the camp was closed

some time ago as a Japanese barracks owing to the

prevalence of malaria. A staff officer - a General

I believe - from Prisoner of War Bureau Tokyo

inspected us today. We all stood in our rooms

or quarters & he just walked along the corridor.

So far as I know he didn't speak to any of the

prisoners. managed to do an exchange today of

two 12 oz. tins of bully for three 8 oz. tins. The 8 oz. tins

suit me much better as I can make them

last only about two days in this climate. 

[*30th.*] This morning at 0900hrs a Nippon Col. & various

other officers came through the came & inspected

us. No bananas today - the first day we

have missed for some time. Uneventful

day - very hot & with no rain. I finished my

spell as food server tonight. We are going to

do 14 days each division of the squad.

[*July 1st*] Water turned on today in our wash-place. It will

take a few days for the wooden cistern etc. to "take up"

but and at present it leaks like a seive but it

is a great convenience as it gives us a place to wash

ourselves close to our rooms & is also right alongside

the "banjo". Two mangoves each issued today but no

bananas. They don't look very good mangoves.

Brig, Trott down with malaria this afternoon.

Camp authorities took 20 Colonels out to work this

morning which is the first tmie time they have had

compulsory work for officers for some time. Earth

tremor last night about 2100 hrs.

[*July 2nd.*] Ants got across my "defences" last night & this morning

my sugar was swarming in them. I had to spend a long

time cleaning it up & "persuading" the ants out of it. It

must be a terrible trial to housekeepers in this country! 

Another inspection this morning by some Col. from the staff. A 
very tall, pleasant looking officer. This afternoon I walked

down to the end of the passage to go into a room there & play bridge & got a very nice strong breeze blowing in. Some-

thing in it, & do not know whether it was a scent of

something or what it as, carried me terribly, vividly

back home. It was so sharp that I nearly howled

with longing.

[*3rd*] Very hot clear day up to midday ^cloudy but still hot in afternoon Hottest sun we have

had so far. It is curious how unstable the earth's

surface is here. There is an earth tremor of greater

or less degree practically every 24 hours. Had an

acute attack of indigestion last night which

kept me awake for some time. It is the first I

have had since long before leaving JAVA so

am feeling a bit disappointed today. Have been

having the most phenomenal run of luck at

bridge lately. The My friends keep "twitting"

me with the old saying "lucky at cards, unlucky

in love", but I know better. I doubt if any

human being knows better than I do how

lucky I am in my love - with Rose for my wife.

Another inspection today. This time by a Major-Gen

from H.Q. at Faikoku, the capital of the Island.

He was a tall pleasant looking, soldierly looking

man.

 

[*July 4th.] The glorious 4th July, so dear to the Americans. In celebration we were allowed to heat pudding, tinned

foods etc in the kitchen this morning, for midday

meal I heated a steak & tomato pudding out of my

Red Cross parcel. This afternoon we were issued

with a pan each & also a parcel of cookies, & seven

bananas. Tonight's soup was the best since we

have come to this camp, really thick & with quite

a bit of meat in it.

It is remarkable how touchy everyone gets in this

camp, leading the life we do. I think everyone

has periodical fits of deep depression - I know I

do. When one is in this state a chance joking

remark assumes terrible proportions & one is apt

to brood over them until one becomes so

miserable that he is a burden to himself & to

everyone else. It is quite noticeable to me

and tends to make me very careful in what I

say to other people. Am having a slight recurrence

of "tinea" on my feet & had to go to Col.

Derham & get them treated again today.

Attended the usual church service today.

[*July 5th*] All our chairs & tables were taken away today &

taken right out of the camp, which of course created

a flood of rumors as to a move. However late

this afternoon a fresh lot of tables & chairs

came in & were issued. We got a much better

table & chairs just about the same

so did well out of the change. An amusing

incident occurred over the chairs, which again

illustrates how "touchy" & suspicious this life

makes people. Our group of six Australians - or rather

5 Aust & 1 Canadian - got six chairs allotted to

us. Two good well sprung chairs, three chairs

with upholstered seats but no springs & one

plain hard wooden chair. We arranged them

in three groups - each of the sprung chairs with

an unsprung upholstered chair & the wooden

chair & and unsprung upholstered one making the

third group. We then cut cards for the order 
in which we were to take our pick of the groups.

I cut lowest & with the remark "Well, I know

which group will be left for me" picked up

the wooden chair & took it into my room. I

was immediately accused by I. of putting a

'swifty" over him by walking off with the

wooden chair before he had had his pick!

I immediately offered him the wooden chair

in return for any other at all & he took up &

the incident closed.

[*6th*] Very hot humid day. Started working this morning

in constructing a path to lead to the "banjo" out of

the mud. After about a quarter of an hour the Interpreter

came along & ordered us to stop as they were going

to do that. Trott a bit off colour with "tummy" trouble

today. Inglis (my batman) has developed skin

disease & so has to go off all duty. A large body

of troops - looks about a Bn - marched today to

some barracks about ¼ mile away.

 

[*July 7th*] We got a little bit of excitement last night. At 

evening roll call the interpreter informed us that a 

typhoon was expected during the night & that 

we must make sure that everything was securely 

fastened, windows secured etc. It had been 

getting more & more oppressive all day & by evening 

there was a terribly black angry looking 

sky. About 2100 hrs it started to rain but soon 

stopped & that was all that happened. There 

wasn't even a gentle breeze! This morning we 

were warned that the Major Gen. in charge of 

Army Police would inspect us at 0830 hrs. We got 

all ready & waited in our rooms until 0930 hrs 

when we were informed that the inspection was 

postponed. This afternoon we were allowed to get 

at out spare footwear which we had not seen 

since leaving Tamasaka & to clean same. mine My 

shoes had a coating of mould over them & were 

a bit bent out of shape but were not in bad 

condition. 

[*8th*] Vigilant guard last night 0130-0300 hrs. Rain started 

about midnight & continued all day night & today. Very 

cool breeze, in fact the coolest day since we have arrived 

here. Last scale training manoeuvres have been going on 

around us yesterday, last night & today in spite of the 

rain. Heavy firing (blanks of course) from rifles, M,GS 

& artillery ga has been going on all the time. This 

afternoon we were issued with sheets, blankets 

etc. - 2 sheets each & two more blankets. They are all 

pretty musty & dirty having been packed since coming 

from Karenko but are very acceptable. For some reason 

unbeknown to us roll call tonight was fixed for 

1900 hrs. Owing to construction of drains etc. the path 

which we made from our hut to the "benjo" was 

rendered useless so we had to turn out & make 

another. It was pouring with rain & I got wet to 

the skin - with rain instead of the usual perspiration.

[*9th*] Manoeuvres are still going on, all last night in the 

pouring rain & again today. Ten packets of Shiri 

Saga cigarettes each were issues today. It is 

rumored that quite a big supply came in but only 

a few have been released. Afcs for Tamasata 

camp have been worked out & posted up today. I 

have been debited with 36 yen for April & 50 for 

May.

[*10th*] Order issued today that we must put all books 

which we have into a common library. Rules only 

allow books to be kept out for 5 days so this practically 

debars me from reading. My eyes are so bad that 

I cannot read for long enough at a stretch to read 

any ordinary book in 5 days. Gave a lecture 

last night to some British officers on the "Syrian 

campaign".

[*11th*] Sunday. Read the lesson at this morning's Church Service. 

Fine day. Uneventful. Talked tonight to Australian Officers 

from 8 Div. on the Commission of Control of Syria.

[*12th*] Our canteen cheques  "notes" were issued today. From now on
 instead of putting in an order for goods & then 

receiving them & having our apcs debited with 

certain amounts we are each to receive 50 yen's 

worth of che 'notes” in various denominations 

with which we can buy what we want to from 

what the canteen has in stock. The only trouble 

is that up to date the canteen has practically

 

nothing at all in stock - not even cigarettes. How-

ever we are hoping for stocks to come in. The notes 

are marked on the face with the denomination 

& the words "P.O.W. Canteen ticket" is printed across 

them. Each of them is numbered & a record is kept of 

the particular notes issued to each individual.

[*13th*] This morning's sunrise was the most beautiful one that 

I have ever seen. The sun rises behind the mountains 

& appearing over the top of the mountains before the sun 

actually appeared was a perfect representation of 

our rising sun in every conceivable shade of pink. 

The rays stretched right across the sky from 

horizon to horizon & with its background of 

vivid blue, as the Clo clouds were so light as 

not scarcely to obscure the blue at all, made a 

sight which was intensely interesting. Then 

after a few minutes all the rays seemed to 

concentrate on a great big mass of clouds 

which appeared on the western horizon. These 

clouds were a compact mass rising up to a 

peak & they became successively vivid red, pink 

in every shade & finally intense silvery bright. 

The whole effect was absolutely marvellous.

[*14th*] Canteen started today but each individual's purchase 

was limited to 250 Thiri Saga Cigarettes & two bottles 

of Wakamoto. Capt McMillan who was with us at 

Tamasata moved over to our hut today & was 

put in one of the empty rooms.

[*15th*] This morning an order was issued that all bedding & all 

clothes not actually being worn must be spread out 

in the sun & aired. Practically every yard of ground, as 

well as all posts, ropes, lines etc were very soon 

wi covered with blankets, mattresses, clothes etc. 

I soaked a blanket which needed washing, 

overnight & this morning took on the job of 

washing it - in hard, cold water & with no 

soap. It was a frightful job & I don't know 

that I did much good. All my clothes which 

are supposed to be white, vests & underpants, towels etc 

are becoming a murky brown & I don't know how 

to get them any cleaner. A lot of the rabbits have 

died off in the wet rainy days & there are now only 

three baby rabbits left. It is alleged that the grass 

here is unsuitable & the enlisted men have been 

working hard planting some special grass. We have 

had no heavy rain for about 5 days & it has been 

terribly hot in the sun, The nights, until about 

midnight are always terribly close & stuffy. I am 

in a constant bath of perspiration.

[*16th*] Starting serving the rice for the squad again today, 

for a further 14 days. Today we got some really 

heavy rain, the first for some time.

[*17th*] Entirely uneventful day. Vigilant guard last 

night from 0430-0600 hrs.

[*18th*] It commenced to rain about 0300 hrs this morning 

& has absolutely poured, without a pause, ever 

since. All the drains are running bankers & the 

small creek which flows alongside the camp 

is now a swift muddy stream. Canteen opened 

again today with some fruit syrup, shoe laces 

& toilet paper. Church service had to be abandoned as 

the Cols. were nearly all on working parties.

 

[*1943*]

[*July 19th*] Today we were to be inspected by someone who is either 

our new Camp Comdt. or  the o a new officer in charge of 

all P.O.W camps in TAIWAN. However it was announced 

on this morning's roll call that the inspection had been 

postponed until tomorrow at 0830. Last night there 

was a failure of the lights & we were in complete darkness 

both for evening roll-call & subsequently all night.

[*20th*] The inspection was again put off until tomorrow but this 

morning we were inspected by the camp commandant & 

this afternoon we had a fire alarm practice. We 

had to tell off the usual fire squads & the rest of 

us had to fall in on the parade ground each carrying 

a blanket where we stood in the sun doing 

nothing for some time.

[*21st*] The great inspection is to take place today. Inspection 

of barracks is at 0950 & this afternoon we are to go on 

parade in full uniform & then do fire-drill 

etc. It is a very still hot day & the humidity is 

terrible. The inspecting officer was a colonel who 

22nd The has evidently & from his decorations - seen very 

considerable service. Everything seemed to go off 

very well.

[*22nd*] Very dull wet day. Meals are getting worse 

again & the soup has been particularly thin & poor 

the last few days.

[*23rd*] This afternoon we had a terrible downpour of rain. 

All the gutters & drains in the camp area were soon 

overflowing & then the small creek running outside 

the fence overflowed & came back inside the camp 

area. The result was that the whole place was 

soon under water. A stream five or six inches 

deep & ten or twelve feet wide flowed right 

under our barracks & we wondered if it would 

wash it away. The rain stopped in about two 

hours & we had an example of how quickly this 

place drains as in about another twenty minutes 

everything was normal.

A letter was put to the authorities yesterday from 

the Senior Officer of each nationality drawing attention 

to the serious state we are getting into through 

the poor diet. I have developed a form of tinnea 

on my feet & do not seem able to check it as it is 

getting steadily worse in spite of ointments etc. supplied 

by the hospital.

[*24th*] Last night we had an earthquake shock & today about 

1100 hrs we had the severest one we have yet had. 

The whole building shook severely & a bottle of fruit 

syrup on my shelf was knocked over with the 

severity of the trembling. It was accompanied - as was 

a previous one - by a single loud explosion with 

no preliminary or  after subsequent rumbling. Rumors 

are rife today that we are all to be made to go out 

to work again shortly to establish a vegetable garden. 

As we got nothing from the last one, nobody is 

very keen on it. Tonight's meal was very much 

better than they have been lately.

[*25th*] Today we were issued with half a pineapple each. 

They were nice big juicy pineapples. The canteen 

opened today with five packets of cigarettes each. 

I also got a bottle of milk & an eraser. Bought a box 

of cigars for mixing with cigarette tobacco for my 

pipe - cost 16y 50 sen, Pork in the soup tonight. 

Today a meeting of different groups was held to consider 

the question of work, as apparently it has been stated

 

that we will be expected to establish a farm again.

In our Australian group we all felt it would be

useless to refuse to do the work unless we are 

prepared to carry that refusal on to its logical conclusion

even to starvation a imprisonment or even death.

After much discussion our group decided they were

prepared to co-operate in such work as our age & 

physical condition rendered us able to.

[*26th*] Work is going on for a new fence around the camp

just inside the present bamboo fence. Local 

laborers have been in yesterday & today & have 

put up a row of stout wooden posts about 

5-6 feet high. It looks as though they are 

the uprights for barb wire "curtain" fence. 

At the same time a party of enlisted men from 

the camp are being made to cut back all 

the growth of trees & all, for a space of 15-20 yds 

outside the present fence. Rumors are current

throughout the camp that 30 of the enlisted men 

are to be moved from this camp to a working 

camp. We at present only have 1 batman to 

three officers & if this move comes off we will 

virtually be without batman. Dick's birthday.

[*27th*] Vigilant guard last night from 0130-0300. Hospital 

moved into its new quarters yesterday. It is very 

crowded, only about one foot between beds. A large 

number of fresh rabbits have been purchased as most 

of the old ones have died. "Banyo" is still again in a 

disgusting state. It has been overflowing for two days 

now but no effort seems to be made to have it 

emptied.

[*28th*] Canteen day. All that was available were two packets 

of cigarettes per man, 1 bottle of fruit juice amongst two 

and some bootlaces. Rumor that a prisoner has 

escaped from one of the of the other camps & stayed at 

liberty for two days before being re-captured.

[*29th*] Three pineapples per squad of 30 issued today in 

addition to the usual bananas. My two bananas 

today were quite green and uneatable but will 

soon ripen up. I had the luck to draw a quarter 

of a pineapple -we drew lots for them.

[*53.1 kilos*]

[*116.7 lbs*]

[*30th*] The camp authorities weighed us today. The 

last weighing was on 3 June. I weighed 116.7 

lbs today - an increase of nearly 5 lbs - no banana 

issue today. yesterday another group of about 

300-400 Japanese soldiers marched into the 

barracks near here, apparently to do training 

like the last lot & so we can expect to have very  

little fruit & vegetables for the next few days. 

The "Banyos" are still in a disgusting state, 

overflowing everywhere. They have been like 

that for several days now. It is almost 

incredible that the Nipponese authorities 

should allow such a dreadful state of 

affairs to continue. We will be lucky if 

we don't get a bd epidemic one of these 

days because of it.

 

 

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Chris LambChris Lamb
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