Fall of Singapore - papers of Charles Laurie Price, notebook part 2

Conflict:
Second World War, 1939–45
Subject:
  • Fall of Singapore
Status:
Awaiting approval
Accession number:
AWM2019.22.168
Difficulty:
3

Page 1 / 12

ctorrun can capal api oteamer bell locing &parents orang tua bed tmpat tidor transers stuat ploo at weak Emah teach agan kill Cunsh to clear chucke hear Angar take care faga baik baik write, compose Earang see wihat explade necop. repair Trimbacks put out, extinguish padam contents, to fill in (eese follow, obey turnt railway creta ape & parents nak-bapa Command prental grass rumput. Wrother sandara near relative mak. nother a question cual sad sucar late bakar burn mash bassh to carry fon Rhe choulder pikul ito carry (on the hip dukong count Litong peel kupas stick, advere Chat &receive cambot Can to calch against stick sanglst partition, wall dinding tiger hriman palace estand finger fari preacher Bratib. Heris Ccriso. dagger sago sagu anemble Verkempon collect, teapup himpon
hold pgang to bear children peranak Can turn nevalve pusing wife etr fout Rota llife ryawa (reewah) to bury, to plant taman a post, mast. tiang Reter on Cremonegekan in Tran MMA LECENAER 1SA Te Solonnt Keeoer Wal EyArihe To heAONARega & the 15A Muraky Rhes te4 Eeard Soreneat or The Mrons of R0 W in Nallans Boertoe wry voccerin Eoa MeRInOAerneNt EACFS 1 Easey in 90216 Oauke wice seved to Repar 7000 Bow wa nove 6y Rgr aon er was ar the roes Sirvaron i Sixt DEHenr ono WoolD be tak borree is the New Agce 3 The Pary Ege Nor 4 woalns nay ere was ter 7000 Fr Row Ar Ae, 3ot ot The vary wexe to be incer nex, thar was ovter to warroe MgacH 5 Temer prand woro ec nore qieay wr boad tood 9r0i & reasagr t cans wrt bco rires toe recreation 6. There Nosts be no mgr iA Suat 5 Man The Main to reakay Camke and RANSPOt Nol OAD Re H ONEIT AND All SAOOAte Crwen E was to Acconeary the lar te Bob ecoornt 6698 a0 Exere toa Cerrine nce o60 Toven a Cranochores Howters, Clorhins & noseur ver were To be sseves or vew came to correer services wit to waitable or Each e weens Careen Boobes Cororie te Ber ree weets s4 to be Racyased wirt Psow meney tod to Leavie SMoAroRe The Dever wost wseesse on est sary is Boor &o prsonnet &r4 egsionear tox4 cernat poccira To Aeconeare 400 Brenrs A0 SUPPL es fo Smorhs ARRVAL AT DESTINATLEL I ASGAOH TRANlOAD O 600 Reeo gr Cort Tey wele wrormes ToMER AoN en77 -anarcy coverss sevirat 6975 was to60 crevee ovr o7 ast mens weweir the 30p entir All That oxpceas & mey corlower aeay ue t be Bawa of ti ananes to the Ca Ser ot 157 n cam or roace& boccase 2. Te narweger was T00 KM i 18 Srg0es & Cheres Fox 34 weeke Mareyne Ar miour glore 4 Rover sincle Nya fereer te
at rreves to Deen Toren fron How waws te 2 agveart te secoss Boeree of the keryor was ertex noer scaever ac incoenbl S. Wrew the Gesr Srrce No veer Pencarret becane increasey il aro were a Leasy to to reortid ner wto re or peer Parryy or oor rgealy memeeres became 105 Exhaveres 15 tor 400 t gels ro ever arear te ncceasis jonbe & nes whowere srable to wast gaises & Corruns or the Smowocanes were as Collons (a) pr so tne was ovrsaid corerse paroes ecer tepten en (Forooner) or ore cane the wearfer was saxable Ano Te Rany Teaser Traares &yuer Tenaley was in ne 16) Feoo sverses were Cycratt sexy Rok and is nery cane sre or rce only ((8) warer was yoe or nony canes gio er Conbve devane wares 196 to be beoveyr 6y the Pow Ron & Resaret owre well. Col Haxso Broresre to so gsast fd de Sqrcearoey geenceneres tures ba n Bea egnos & nex who were gosolret oweer Kige foune to seaw& wearneed were bearer &deven tancone a OfEcae wereo 4700 who becees Ee sex Aesone 18e leer befie were Meneche bearer or maay gngs I the new noaeses 90 year Cas paoe Gog 7Ant79n They has to recanegne sories, Cor tee neate& wast oe Thedgr and so had very terrie neer Loct nevetorores 9s has farney bew seteres o sane 18 s cgeaice by hand wirt the naneniss Pannes were Aibiy Erhaveres & the maken Corrindi wichoor neoea w warsoever Ofsenrery Dascopoe broue our is all mare & Exhaverion was Cerceat Acenases feer occoeres i ho re sunbers Doe to Sexnen wir busraced ter benttreco t rey aasgone be 6 o Caraing the Preres were coarrged i treeen Lsbove coss who were seacaise wit cxcra & was Rexes v oy Cc of The 10 parne or isonice on may 154 Craces beoke oor or Sigo Me Cl inoweroa seowmoresarls ene Col Oomo (15a connander and reesee cease sare reourbreas was swoee errast M concoirg cane shoved or all cosrs ver bo used to reres Parmne mesn archy le Canns was orabte to comp& wort wo m a Cvar a smalt grant oe sea Fea was beover on igree oy rocas loser 7 p or these inres weae orsee or Concar wher no beoe serered to tgeve i decon 9 The 55 pr 745 time were saable to Ronde of Roovce reat ware maro it teea cre cone gunine (rhese two rene nexe surrays cased to requard Col Ono Cose Be yos 6 Fre nux an 415 oiq &ir Eed Te seay siex By the O6 oC May Hovr 5000 nex 490 bear porsevred to tesavors comes Be cones concored 14 4or virhoor aras rociss is sairool the casy Feales beige i Poll Soine Ar0 Rain Pett Heasuy esee bays veyr rase cames were vor wh woced to sone woere conegser de from Breunong were sonecose to sere of the mose corvinens the cena sare or Esraveren of the new The presence or Ceara wallagm macrica11y vareasa nataaia Daxrohia Sssenrer& sho te seacat seases mo ner weal Ar towoe of the Enemceae 9r nce 12 Maximon sumber te weas has to be sope is ea DaY Ms tear inweewear nea Lix EssentiaL SqAiraro oursiss Duries wirsia HeCanP i sone cane ees Peoss reconed were conceled to wek on the on resreceanor sos made to b1 Bano Guore ceases 12 M Lucilank Lalery or Toot5 ngee to Baranos Dever oxinecae the 7015 Deo r 672ow i Lidogoose& terr wirt heary enocrse ar Encoss reve cane un to These Canes 14 t was dear that The venieas comivie trere se Frnew & consqueans t soexesery bay there & sero yex eor to wear o see t he te Creneces were enay srRoys rhese eney Waitable sovace 10 4460 Ths was exsunged to then Ar0 also to 15449 Wr Thesgne ren corcinis The tex in Faoar or the Excireet & me ree te seis were tly inseesr00 67v5, bor the Decrennor or the oney wraabl source o tobo0e was su 95 220 fon Tee Binr of Fen 45 FRonwks by tecnt o urse only 4600r 700 80 The T000 mes soagh o nixs were or woes basly moor there orhear tal wexe ino & vistse toa yeary wax of the renainen Excer Rev cross Reconnet & 9 snast sumber on amunierear Srart All mew weke lyib ill is the camn t ebrat 18 by This Tine The Road Ron te MPOSSI6k & To The NORTT YAS DIEFICUET
re tet beton thas seceisrey to seeamer geegsnat ears received to be thar sroe sease re ocaral However oo the Ry Wosld Daw re eoe sumbers the worter mer wixe Cessigety 14 1or Paruars Conroeo sace the cenos rewany 16 t to hear nore Dieseve toneer & mee & teenenure were mearmegr of the wear nes or woas more more bevral or was noriecable thar where ras or Danse ibok 2on Reas times the wober or ove new were were or beaane ivexeasisoes Connos toa ove men to be lirceaty Davt wir wile ws & 622600 Pricks Throvenour tho whot bass sore Hrose work T4e Fer & Rcnide nso ocevaris trgo that the beariyt it was nor toe ovcana snvir new to thoa tpe excerr to 2ia reouin 1a be 2 was the uooal & ron toamoarts worpeer& Eer CanD ByDaYHOH DAYOEE MONY weeks on ease gro D MocBawa Bixaun Chorges soa Thencelves atr 1814 Sane Con cone betow te Ercmsia Dena care mormoe in to woas osarge or ofccers were ver nove towore ovrside canes 60r rhe Meea of then beae reres our on the road was used to ter orir men oor of Cane Haserat 19 Ar Soncras where Consiror5 were Robably wase thas posnface Eie tr Ase Cereneca Orrag con wro te Offrers garres & asked to see 60feet i Ho were noer crevsey il (Isubsequegry dieo) 4w0 5910 rricss nor ner Ae Prodsees Ee woax Bnoklow1 wil sen my Sosees t Tore Hese oraces ovr to voky or the 1600 ner wto ovematly sear to Senrlas Anin May hos wexe dxces & 200 wexe tesoira Rrogr & Do Fore & Wax 969 fastiCNalafan Pow gomigusrearior mawes Soneeal CAmD or The beGIAAIb OE AUEEeTConDIrtoAt Earovalty mneceved from then 14 by Toy note thas half the toace weassher 6001 e rigeee ventee or piseres rer Te COr sat soakine i wer casses There her Dankers were nor 1sve0 pe Romses pr Aar & Clorhiat Bsie were NCoubl Yesca stoces sere conduerety wadear Banera leaves were vees tog th0 Dressirs of the trew. nadetron or Mopten siceks &fuer 6groases i the steesesstees est ron The meass cowsers nayy we sved ha been sncccessary gevrar onrstobe lexoanes 3r0 a lrece nmber or hese caser Oes & hear or tne the ras to t was sll ussexnccabe bor athover the Eree was orr ToMatFE & wa is ose 6y the 159 there Frorescevers ove nesalsores or Cave recevree vor broveer or this was is sore ae seved revele L Dreve ThIS RalD M nere ard an es is runbers besereares wrot & Mary Robabls Reover descas toox this way of Escaeirs visease surhea oe laary in o exearive to Elogoe to 2 to be the torenont ro ceass she woel knos of the Fare or Arnies ner wit the mesirable Easlore of the oxreies wo concesed the re fre Ruches teen puwor i the Basie & the cena4 were recoorses 1 A Asora was 6 rabltee in Erne Hovr Do00 mes wire ser these bor owns maral to the rencerey i Rarions, 800 DeD Nereoth less The Haseral ared a 000 arcose & rese was no revoise Eveneeeve son& and manymen bor reasonably witl seonty Ly Fran Rever onwares Thaes magor oor vorar fen soster weze & Aoans were syne A The mose brck ro Honboe toos Race wabregbe our the new wexe in soey Rex Condinon (Fre woes Segler in Evena tesirat Mar 26 Drebay The maw Toverg ANDIN Kandoe trsels 186 Dieos the Heer Sixcens i Sare or the naaron 27 O r0 7000 COn wholeen Ceaves or A 43 4 Ox 43 Aboor Dooo &re des Tooo neee gee poseral treres econitoen Sisecosoe 1 we asy that so sheped be teares in acoeane am the terree shew or the berivas Hagoe Corener Berciag thee ot 1906, 1917 borker wwar were rted 6y Kirgey Tp or has been secessed that the vacondronal Derervel or Srogo arses He bsonse tran na Ras cursive the Teams of the Bove Conren 128 This 15 obnooley Nor s Hoy ther Ear the Sarske O6 S6AAlit Soxrenbet Cutch was eecerny mrde or the weerer sequor of b i ondel to nowd Berrek iseles hoss or Lire ses sespocialy Hhelives of CIlAISINTEN
Br The Enase of Gegboal arribe the rans of the Coartoa Drnueo DCOcSnoNe: Consegvenr of the Recevine cerceatone 1 Oversos A Crose Rasone 22c por Ron sueves for be seares 15 tsogeas (6ly lan 1907 Hande O E. Bow short be hungrely Meared Camex to Haooa Carilo +ar I woel shoved yor be excecere Cornr to tnooe tarr 1907 29 A Pow Moses te Teges is recgess erons, quarees & clorkine on the same Borine 45 the Reot of the courray which Cannet them (Anrex to Marlow 1907 9er2 Nore] At the rbove 94r10 hs will benry is trabe 2 115 sor exeron to Exgcode ex Ranoi Reccerig 1s that the R9rion Shooks Reach the B0i 118 Socceered thar the MB insecrase ReDor or seems thar the scate or 155ve recoived oes istair reach rhe Ron 3 to rogros papers or sroved be renenbered that OrEreea Mow Par Foa Their Goaxreke cs iorbico Aoes t lobea Chr Covat geaee to bere rreareges sirt labove Cnvex to Hoetor ar0 thee neaver orr breaches oo above in This toree (& toaet) br mar eos of OFcen worter Aerrer we toaces to WORK worers or re00 eatay Conereven M ORSAN EANOS Cross esegrarises se beallowed to Mir Concaneyroam ses welll alowed to Mrwi thete CAACO CoNS 1907 AAr 11 7 Borerecoroenet Haes so made tocole dec rnconet’'s & eriere (omer to Hreve Cour 1907 Ne 14) 8 SoOA shovld be rispered 2no trercare of Sie& CbexCors 1906 pari I Canes Eyreargnnears Reasire, Coscarrnat Aase es srove be excoveased to recovr moeate t fencenee be terrers tobren Hone exooto 6e incroved terrexe reswire eaeas od as we faveno been alowes to weirea Lible terri home, bur only gten lives or 9 Pereasd tice o t yeas Bow i all Sehererr Cougreies is torocgreatewes Fwar is realos each nonr Potows Ofenea ster Oe serria Beress Egch nonh Coue wylse treegeran t haee
t Cean SELAPANG SPECIAI ORDER ro AH SEPTENEEE 1992 for the 20th August 1952, I together will my area commanders was summoned to the Eperence House, Change Gaol where I was informed by the representating of Kajor General Tukuye, 80 6 Prisoner of war Camps, Malaya that All Prisoners of war in Change were to be given forms of promise not to ercape and that all were to be given ar apportunity to sign this form E By the "fws and Urages & was" a primen cannot be required by the Nower holding him to give his partle and in our army, tibse who have become Pisoners of war are not permitted to give their parle. Is printed thi out to te tapanere Authorittes I informed the representative of Bajor General Shempee Fekeeye that I was not prepared to rege the form In accordance with the orders of the Capanere Authorities all Prisoners of war were given an apportunity to sign. The result of that apportunity is well known On the 315t August 1922 I was informed by The Capanise Authorities that these personnel who refused to sign the cutificate would be subjected to measures of sevelity and that a reflsse to sign would te regarded as a direct repural to obey a regueation which the Emperial Capanere Hamy considered recessare to enprel later, on the night of 31 st Aug11 Sept 1942 med that on 1 st reptember all Prisoners of wax persisting in refusal to sign were to move by 1800 ½0s to Selarang Barralk Square. I confirmed bath on my orber behalf and in the rame of the Risoners of war, sad refusal to sign He nove to Selarang Barrack Square was successfully accompleshed on the same againoon I and the Area Commanders have been in constant conference with the Imperial Johaness Army and have endeavoured by regotiation to hade the form either abolished of at least nodified see that I have been able to obtain is that which was originally a demand accompanied by thrlats of Breasure severity has now bee sissued asan official order of the Impeuse Japanere Homes During treperiod of the occupation of the Selarang Banack Square the conditions under which we have been placed has been under ny constant consideration. These may be brufly described as such that entotence culit will remet in a very few days in s mot the outbreat of epixencie an serious consequences to those underme command and the inevitable deacd to many Taking into account the low state of health in which nany of us now are aid ae Need to preserve our force intact as cong as possible and will the pill convictions that ny action under the circumstances in whieh we are now living would next with the full approval of His Majestys Governmentt, I have felt it my dutt to order nth case un are he
othe trease the diren imposed by the fapanere powers au fully convinced that his najerys Covernment only expect Prisoners of tarnot to give their pardle, when such parale is to be given voluntarily. This factor can in no circumstances be regarded a applicable to an present condition. The responsitutity for this decision ys to with oe and me alone and I fully accept it on ordering you to sep to I wish to record in this order my deep appreciation of the excellent spirit and good duptive which are wanks have sovn during ths trying period I look to all ranks to continue in good heart, discipture and morate Thank yeu for your leyatty & cooperation (igned) L.D. Holnes Col. Commander British & Aust to Change Singapore LEANO SSCEI OADER N26 Coorot EO Holnes MC The requirement by the Imperial Japanse tony would under elect order 1 17 dated 351 August 19t2 that all ranks of the Prisoner a War Camp, Change, should be given the apportunity to seg a cirtificate of hm iat to escape has now been amnerded inta prevised Imperial Japanire Aany Eader 107 dated September 1982, to a difinitl order that all officers, Cs. and new of the Trisoner of war Camp stace sign tho undertaling I therefore new sidee that there artiicates will be agred by all ranks and handed by Carea Commanders to Command Headquarters by 1100 hrs on 5th September 1943 The circumstances in which have been compelled to issue ths ender will be made the subject of selarang secial Order 13 which will be mu eater Ogat ES 4onee Col 4:9:42 Comnandirs Cporish Asereation Hooe 4- Solgeans Srocial Cala N1 Conet EAsace 4 Te Comn ande of Dritish and Aurtralian Doops, Cange Prisoner & War Camp, congatulates all officers & co and new of te Dorce naw here on the elendid manne en which ywerdays difficult novement wasca out and the cheerfulkess and good disciptive being shown by dee ranks in our present aydinet cncumtances The Commander change, wishes everyone to realise that he is naking continuous iffort to obtren an Consurable settlement with to Pepanes by which he present conditions nay be brought to anat heamnhile I know that he cal rly on all ranks to continue te fine exauts rown da
49 Mato Cannen HgRans wrentee 912 Covine to be reased Bise i Orris Derwt MALAYAN ANOAIGN Yalafe Egnrasey Sivestows Fircabee Misccanoos Orvees Wereverone Cre Egpirotarion Pow Ce pereocriors Ere Se geave Weweyr& Evewrs Leavins vare ConcerrRarion Of TRooRs Wirt Snaathors Cnars Pacres on Tyeer or Pafer) Eocore- Je Rahsay
othe baad JCL ACCRIASN t the WPRINCOTTS FAEM MANUALE-PRC AUSAANOM OY CACl NCAY BSA ANA ROCROSD CEACRAL APPEARNNCE (TOTAL R-12) 2 weight Neight from Cllose but not file made, deep but not broad, cynmetrical & quality Bone clean, duise, fine yet indicating revtrance tendons & sants cayy deired side hale fine, getral refinement, finish 5 Temperament Ose despattion good, insuguet HOAD.NOCK(8) 6 rend 12ie dimensions in praporton clear act fert straight face line, witl angle in lower said) I huggle Fine, inkelslarge, lips how him went O Eyes Romment orlect, large, full bnight dear, lid then eanscurature of Forehead Crad, full 10 Bare Medium sie pinted, oit eloe carries ales 11 fect Clong, supple, will exited, rot carried to be threals were cut out head will set ou FOACUAND 12 Shoulders (verylong sloping yet mursulary kind shoot nussular, caried well prind Forcarn long, broad, nuscular) Gaees (thaight, wide, deep, strongly supported) mons (hont, broad plat, tendons charey clefined set well back) 17 Oclocks (wide, Andons will back, stayse will supposted Pasterus thong, obeigue (45 degreet imoch recevdcd 19 feet Clarge, round, cmpsm, straight, slope of wall maclel to slope o pas tru al conlave bars strong prog laro ceastle, hul wide, full one and Keighs of the counsdense sc aa cla Operpendicueas line from pint of choulder should diide legt feod into two caterse lawes, when wiied pourin pont, when reeied from side apep lin from tuberocity of scapula should pai cencre of ellow soint neet ground at centre fave BOOYC2 21 wither High nescular wxele te digwell into back) Chest (Medim wide, deep (23 Ribs (well opreing, long close) 24 Back (Choat straight, strong, broad) foin Chost, broad, pesculary May 26 Flank Edeep full conglow under line) HAvAArCEI 127 Hips (broad, round, or t Crenp Ang leveb, rind sail Cct high, will camied Trghs full, muscula) 31 Stifles (braad, full, nuscular) Eastens Boad, nend Racks Ctrayss, wide, point prominent, deep, lealy cut, anso well supported
9 me soet broad flat, tendons charply defined oct well back (eide rndons well back streugt Fectack well suppoted ems ong abligue (60 degres) onnrch sa Fect Clarge round (Elightly lew thaw as post unlsoan, straight sape of wall parctlel to slope of pastrn sole coleave bars string paylarge clarte, heels wide fall I reight of toe, rov deuse, mwoch day colaler wiesed hom pextendicular live drapped pd of vuttock should divide tto lateral halves received from ide owe tixedend tauch paind of wacke meet ground some little distnce from Reel perusils cined anhip sind edent ground near reutre of for flat foated in line off hocks, not extreme kne pea Cautes lew callurd actes bead, wer cauled 2 Food SAMCS W Mer Conach DURie Mr Runagiek Mone Ar4 PO SREA lolx SAUSASEs (Well oo) 107or ToMATO SAUCt ASPARGSUS ONTogEr ees Fare tines or toger tometo tane ToASFwirt Honey Garnatade Jam 6805 Fac0 SeRambles Onnetirre Toter eoes Egieo eycor, theo toes. Opoers &TOPEF CHEETe STRAMS ON TOASt GNCESe Tomaro On To9 ThieoSregu, tpicokecce. been Tonor & FaeD Onions & tent Guuegree, gilt or Coan riira Socghe Colder SyasBoctoney cereals seregmes Hee Ceveneo Ranors Aar. Crean, IseAa scranbel Eo6 Hle Oare AMorteean Eegabiber Suer Corree SRSO thauyesers nuchbat erbreto tent arce t6r Ereo leoce beceas frowa &s Bybble. Squear Coick Toman Srvce CRapE FO& Frawberey Fns Nice, WGeas neat Geconts (9enorrs)
n Geay or tonate Losr spet CUACH Pea Sost wirk SIBRITE Hay tonarosernce, treey lc Mrcth tonatosavce Sorceire year BESLSANACo Cols Sir4 Corcha Lonngs Sice CURRED SAUSAbeS an togor Pries Ves Bed Syrapree, Few her, Heivex Tonar Cyeese terrce to bra Covry caesy sead AIAD Cnadet

*** Reviewer's Note ***
Re-open to Contributions. 
Reasons:

  • Remove ALL [Page Break] and re-enter from the start.
    Page Breaks should match the picture changing NOT the change from top to bottom on a two-page spread.
  • Repair superscript ie PsOW should be PsOW
  • Redo text on first two pages and enter it into a table

______________________________________________ 
 

to run lari 24
steamer kapal api
bell locheng
*parents orang tua
bed tmpat tidor
trousers sluar ("sloo ar")
weak lmah
teach ajar
kill bunoh
to clean chuchi
hear dngar
take care jaga baik baik
write, compose karang
see lihat
explode mltop
repair mmbaiki
put out, extinguish padam
contents, to fill isi (ee see)
follow, obey turut
railway kreta api
*parents mak-bapa
command prentah
grass rumput
brother sandara
near relative  
mother mak 25
a question sual
sad susah-hati
burn bakar
wash basoh
to carry (on the shoulder) pikul
to carry (on the hip) dukong
count hitong
peel kupas
stick, adhere lkat
*receive sambot
lean  
to catch against, stick sangkot
partition, wall dinding
tiger hriman
palace istana
finger jari
preacher khatib
dagger kris ("criss")
sago sagu
assemble berhimpon
collect, heap up himpon
22  
 
hold pgang 26
to bear children peranak kan
turn, revolve pusing
wife istri
fort kota
life nyawa (neewah")
to bury, to plant taman
a post, mast tiang

REPORT ON CONDITIONS OF PsOW IN THAILAND   27 
                        MAY TO DECEMBER 1943 
(Ed. all in capital letters) 

THE FOLLOWING REPORT WAS FURNISHED TO THE IJA ON A REQUEST
BY THE IJA MILITARY POLICE FOR A FRANK STATEMENT OF THE
CONDITIONS OF PsOW IN THAILAND TOGETHER WITH SUGGESTIONS
FOR THEIR IMPROVEMENT.

FACTS 1. EARLY IN APRIL ORDERS WERE ISSUED TO PREPARE 7000
PsOW FOR A MOVE BY TRAIN.
2. THE REASON GIVEN WAS THAT THE FOOD SITUATION IN SINGAPORE
WAS DIFFICULT AND WOULD BE FAR BETTER IN THE NEW PLACE.
3. THE PARTY WAS NOT A WORKING PARTY
4. AS THERE WAS NOT 7000 FIT PsOW AT CHANGI, 30% OF
THE PARTY WERE TO BE UNFIT MEN, THAT WAS UNFIT TO WORK OR
MARCH.
5. THE UNFIT PERSONNEL WOULD RECOVER MORE QUICKLY
WITH GOOD FOOD AND IN A PLEASANT HILLY CAMP WITH GOOD FACILITIES
FOR RECREATION.
6. THERE WOULD BE NO MARCHING, EXCEPTING FOR SHORT
DISTANCES FROM THE TRAIN TO NEARBY CAMPS AND TRANSPORT WOULD
BE PROVIDED FOR THE UNFIT AND ALL BAGGAGE.
7. BATALLION BAND WAS TO ACCOMPANY THE PARTY.
8. ALL TOOLS & COOKING GEAR AND ENGINE FOR LIGHTING
WERE TO BE TAKEN.
9. GRAMOPHONES, BLANKETS, CLOTHING & MOSQUITO NETS WERE
TO BE ISSUED AT NEW CAMPS.
10. CANTEEN SERVICES WOULD BE AVAILABLE AT EACH CAMP
AFTER THREE WEEKS. CANTEEN SUPPLIES COVERING THE FIRST
THREE WEEKS WAS TO BE PURCHASED WITH PsOW MONEY PRIOR
TO LEAVING SINGAPORE.
11. THE DRAFT WOULD INCLUDE A MEDICAL PARTY OF
ABOUT 350 PERSONNEL WITH EQUIPMENT FOR A CENTRAL HOSPITAL
TO ACCOMODATE 400 PATIENTS AND SUPPLIES FOR 3 MONTHS.
ARRIVAL AT DESTINATION 1. AS EACH TRAINLOAD OF 600
ARRIVED AT BANPONG THEY WERE INFORMED TO THEIR ASTONISHMENT
THAT A MARCH COVERING SEVERAL DAYS WAS TO BE
CARRIED OUT BY ALL MEN, INCLUDING THE 30% UNFIT. ALL KIT
THAT OFFICERS & MEN COULD NOT CARRY WAS TO BE DUMPED
AT BANPONG (THIS AMOUNTED TO THE EQUIVALENT OF 15 TRUCKLOADS
(RAIL) OF STORES & BAGGAGE.
2. THE MARCH, IN FACT, WAS ONE OF
300 KM IN 15 STAGES & LASTED FOR 2 1/2 WEEKS. MARCHING
AT NIGHT ALONG A ROUGH JUNGLE TRACK (EXCEPT FOR FIRST 2 STAGES

 

AND AS ALL TORCHES HAD BEEN TAKEN FROM PsOW DURING THE
SEARCH AT BANPONG, THE KEEPING TOGETHER OF THE PARTY AT 28
NIGHTS WAS EITHER MOST DIFFICULT OR IMPOSSIBLE.
3. AFTER THE FIRST STAGE THE UNFIT PERSONNEL BECAME
INCREASINGLY ILL AND WERE A HEAVY HANDICAP TO THE OTHER MEN, WHO
WERE AT FIRST FAIRLY FIT BUT RAPIDLY THEMSELVES BECAME ILL &
EXHAUSTED AS THEY HAD TO HELP AND EVEN CARRY THE INCREASING NUMBER
OF MEN WHO WERE UNABLE TO WALK UNAIDED
4. CONDITIIONS AT THE STAGING CAMPS WERE AS FOLLOWS'-
(a) AT NO TIME WAS OVERHEAD COVERING PROVIDED, EXCEPT FOR A FEW
TENTS (FOR 100) MEN AT ONE CAMP. THE WEATHER WAS VARIABLE
AND THE RAINY SEASON STARTED WHILST THE MARCH WAS IN PROGRESS.
(b) FOOD SUPPLIES WERE GENERALLY VERY POOR AND IN MANY CAMPS
CONSISTED OF RICE ONLY.
(c) WATER WAS SHORT AT MANY CAMPS AND AT KAMBURY DRINKING
WATER HAD TO BE BRUGHT BY THE PsOW FROM A PRIVATELY OWNED
WELL. COL. HARRIS PROTESTED TO NO AVAIL.
(d) NO SATISFACTORY ARRANGEMENTS EXISTED FOR RETAINING SICK AT
THESE CAMPS & MEN WHO WERE ABSOLUTELY UNFIT TO MARCH (OWING
TO DISEASE & WEAKNESS WERE BEATEN & DRIVEN FROM CAMP TO CAMP
OFFICERS, INCLUDING MOs WHO BEGGED FOR SICK PERSONNEL TO BE
LEFT BEHIND WERE THEMSELVES BEATEN AT MANY CAMPS.
(e) THE MEN MARCHED ALL NIGHT (AS A RULE FROM 7AM TO 7 PM)
THEY HAD TO PERFORM CAMP DUTIES, GET THEIR MEALS & WASH DURING
THE DAY AND SO HAD VERY LITTLE REST
5. SUCH MEDICAL STORES AS HAD HASTILY BEEN SELECTED AT
BANPONG & CARRIED BY HAND WITH THE MARCHING PARTIES WERE
RAPIDLY EXHAUSTED & THE MARCH CONTINUES WITHOUT MEDICAL SUPPLIES
 WHATSOEVER. DYSENTERY & DIARROHEA BROKE OUT IN ALL PARTIES
& EXHAUSTION WAS GENERAL. ULCERATED FEET OCCURRED IN LARGE
NUMBERS DUE TO SICK MEN WITH BLISTERED FEET BEEING FORCED
TO MARCH DAY AFTER DAY.
6. AT CONCOITA THE PARTIES QUARTERED IN THE SAME
CAMP AS THAI LABOUR CORP WHO WERE SUFFERING WITH CHOLERA.
THE INFECTION WAS PICKED UP BY EACH OF THE 13 PARTIES OF 
MARCHING PRISONERS.
7. ON MAY 15TH, CHOLERA BROKE OUT AT SHINO NIKI. COL
HARRIS (COMMANDER OF PsOW) IMMEDIATELY REPORTED THE FACT TO
COL BANNO (IJA COMMANDER) AND REQUESTED THAT MOVEMENT
CEASE UNTIL THE OUTBREAK WAS UNDER CONTROL AND THAT
CONCOITA CAMP SHOULD AT ALL COSTS NOT BE USED FOR FURTHER
PARTIES. UNFORTUNATELY COL BANNO WAS UNABLE TO COMPLY WITH
THE REQUESTS AND AS A RESULT, CHOLERA SPREAD INTO ALL 29
FIVE CAMPS THEN OCCUPIED BY THE FORCE
8. ONLY A SMALL QUANTITY OF MEDICAL STORES AT BANPONG 
WAS BROUGHT UP LATER BY LORRY (OVER 75% OF THESE STORES WERE
STILL AT BANPONG WHEN THE FORCE RETURNED TO KAMBURI IN DECEMBER)
9.  THE IJA AT THIS TIME WERE UNABLE TO PROVIDE OR PRODUCE
ANY MEDICAL SUPPLIES WHATSOEVER, EXCEPT CHOLERA VACCINE &
QUININE (THESE TWO ITEMS WERE ALWAYS SUPPLIED AS REQUIRED)
COL BANNO GAVE THE MOs 6 TINS MILK FROM HIS OWN KIT FOR THE 
VERY SICK.
10. BY THE END OF MAY ABOUT 5000 MEN HAD BEEN
DISTRIBUTED TO THE VARIOUS CAMPS. THE CAMPS CONSISTED OF HUTS
WITHOUT A TOP ROOFING IN SPITE OF THE RAINY SEASON BEING
IN FULL SWING AND RAIN FELL HEAVILY EVERY DAY & NIGHT. THOSE
CAMPS WERE NOT FULLY ROOFED FOR SOME WEEKS, CONSEQUENTLY DEATHS
FROM PNEUMONIA WERE NUMBEROUS.
11. IN SPITE OF THE ABOVE CONDITIONS, THE GENERAL STATE OF
EXHAUSTION OF THE MEN, THE PRESENCE OF CHOLERA IN ALL CAMPS &
PRACTICALLY UNIVERSAL MALARIA, DIARROHEA, DYSENTERY & SHORTAGE
OF FOOD & MEDICAL SUPPLIES, THE MEN WERE PUT TO WORK BY THE 
ENGINEERS AT ONCE.
12. MAXIMUM NUMBER FOR WORK HAD TO BE SUPPLIED EACH
DAY. THIS LEFT INSUFFICIENT MEN FOR SANITATION
& NURSING DUTIES WITHIN THE CAMPS. IN SOME CAMPS RED
CROSS PERSONNEL WERE COMPELLED TO WORK ON THE ROAD BUT
ON REPRESENTATION BEING MADE TO COL BANNO, QUICKLY CEASED
13. IN SEVERAL CAMPS, SCARCITY OT TOOLS MADE IMPROVEMENTS
TO SANITATION DIFFICULT OR IMPOSSIBLE. THE TOOLS BROUGHT BY PsOW
FROM SINGAPORE & LEFT WITH HEAVY BAGGAGE BANPONG NEVER
CAME UP TO THESE CAMPS.
14. IT WAS CLEAR THAT IF THE ENGINEERS CONTINUED TO TAKE
ALL FIT MEN & CONVALESCENTS TO WORK EVERY DAY THERE WOULD SOON
BE NOT MEN FIT TO WORK AT ALL. IN FACT THE ENGINEERS WERE
RAPIDLY DESTROYING THEIR ONLY AVAILABLE SOURCE OF LABOUR. THIS
WAS EXPLAINE TO THEM AND ALSO TO IJA HQ BUT THE SAME
SYSTEM CONTINUED. THE TASK IN FRONT OF THE ENGINEERS & THE
NEED FOR SPEED WERE FULLY UNDERSTOOD BY US, BUT THE
DESTRUCTION OF THE ONLY AVAILABLE SOURCE OF LABOUR WAS JUST
AS BAD FROM THEIR POINT OF VIEW AS FROM OURS. BY THE END
OF JUNE ONLY ABOUT 700 OF THE 5000 MEN NORTH OF NIKI
WERE AT WORK DAILY AND OF THESE AT LEAST HALF WERE UNFIT
& USELESS FOR HEAVY WORK. OF THE REMAINDER, EXCEPT FOR
RED CROSS PERSONNEL & A SMALL NUMBER OF ADMINISTRATIVE
STAFF, ALL MEN WERE LYING ILL IN THE CAMP HOSPITALS.
15. BY THIS TIME THE ROAD FROM THE SOUTH WAS
IMPOSSIBLE & TO THE NORTH WAS DIFFICULT & THE SCALE
 

 

                                                                                                                 30 
OF RATIONS FELL BELOW THAT NECESSARY TO SICK MEN.
HOSPITAL PATIENTS RECEIVED 250-300 GRMS OF RICE & A SMALL
QUANTITY OF BEANS. THE IDEA APPEARED TO BE THAT SHORT RATIONS
PLUS NO PAY WOULD DRIVE MEN OUT OF HOSPITAL. HOWEVER AS THE
MEN WERE GENUINELY ILL & DYING IN LARGE NUMBER, THE NUMBER
OF PATIENTS CONTINUED TO INCREASE.
16. AS THE HEALTH OF THE MEN GREW WORSE, THE DEMANDS
OF THE ENGINEERS WERE MORE & MORE DIFFICULT TO MEET & THEIR
TREATMENT OF THE WEAK MEN AT WORK MORE & MORE BRUTAL.
IT WAS NOTICEABLE THAT WHERE THAI OR BURMESE LABOUR, 2 OR
THREE TIME THE NUMBER OF OUR MEN WERE USED. IT BECAME
INCREASINGLY COMMON FOR OUR MEN TO BE LITERALLY DRIVEN
WITH WIRE WHIPS & BAMBOO STICKS THROUGHOUT THE WHOLE DAY'S
WORK. HITTING WITH THE FIST & KICKING ALSO OCCURED FREQUENTLY.
IT WAS EMPHASISED THAT THE BEATING UP WAS NOT FOR DISCIPLINARY
PURPOSES BUT AN EFFORT TO DRIVE UNFIT MET TO EFFORTS BEYOND
THEIR STRENGTH. 
17. THE HOURS OF WORK WERE EXCRSSIVE. 14 HOURS A DAY
WAS THE USUAL ROUTINE AND WEN ON FOR MONTHS WITHOUT A 
DAY OFF. MANY MEN NEVER SAW THEIR CAMP BY DAYLIGHT FOR
WEEKS ON END AND NEVER HAD AN OPPORTUNITY TO WASH THEIR
CLOTHES NOR THEMSELVES.
18. IN SOME CAMPS WHERE THE NUMBER OF FIT MEN FELL
BELOW THE ENGINEERS DEMANDS, PRISONERS WERE FORCED OUT OF
HOSPITAL BY THEM TO WORK. EXCEPT IN ISOLATED INSTANCES
OFFICERS WERE NOT MADE TO WORK OUTSIDE CAMPS BUT THE THREAT
OF THEM BEING TURNED OUT ON THE ROAD WAS USSED TO GET UNFIT
MEN OUT OF CAMP HOSPITALS.
19. AT SONKRAI, WHERE CONDITIIONS WERE PROBABLY WORSE
THAN ANYWHERE ELSE LT ABE (ENGINEER OFFICER) CAME INTO THE 
OFFICERS QUARTERS & ASKED TO SEE 6 OFFICERS WHO WERE MOST  
SERIOUSLY ILL (3 SUBSEQUENTLY DIED) AND SAID "UNLESS MORE MEN
ARE PRODUCED FOR WORK TOMORROW I WILL SEND MY SOLDIERS TO
TAKE THESE OFFICERS OUT TO WORK". OF THE 1600 MEN WHO
ORIGINALLY WENT TO SONKRAI CAMP IN MAY, 1200 WERE DECEASED
& 200 WERE HOSPITAL PATIENTS IN DECEMBER. JUNE. LT
WAKABAYASHI (MALAYAN POW ADMINITRATION) ARRIVED AT 
SONKRAI CAMP AT THE BEGINNING OF AUGUST & CONDITIONS
GRADUALLY IMPROVED FROM THEN ON.
20. BY JULY MORE THAN HALF THE FORCE WERE WITHOUT
BOOTS AND THIS CAUSED A LARGE NUMBER OF POISENED FEET
& THE CONTINUAL WORKING IN WET CAUSED "TRENCH FEET"
BLANKETS WERE NOT ISSUED AS PROMISED AT CHANGI & CLOTHING ISSUES
WERE NEGLIGIBLE. MEDICAL STORES WERE COMPLETELY INADEQUATE
BANANA LEAVES WERE USED FOR THE DRESSING OF HUNDREDS
OF TROPICAL ULCERS WHILST BANDAGES WRE MADE FROM
THE SLEEVES & LEGS CUT FROM MENS SHIRTS & TROUSERS. MANY,
WHAT SHOULD HAVE BEEN UNNECESSARY AMPUTATIONS HAD TO BE
PERFORMED AND A LARGE NUMBR OF THESE CASES DIED.
21. BY THE END OF JUNE, THE ROAD TO BANPONG WAS STILL
UNSERVICEABLE BUT ALTHOUGH THE RIVER WAS OPEN TO TRAFFIC & WAS
IN USE BY THE IJA & THEIR STOREKEEPERS, OUR MEDICAL & OTHER STORES
AT BANPONG WERE STILL NOT BROUGHT UP. THIS WAS IN SPITE OF OUR
REPEATED REQUESTS.
22. DURING THIS PERIOD THAT MEN SOMETIMES ALONE AND SOMETIMES
IN NUMBERS DISAPPEARED INTO THE JUNGLE. MANY PROBABLY
THROUGH DESPAIR, TOOK THIS WAY OF ESCAPING DISEASE & ILL TREATMENT
ONE PARTY IN AN ENDEAVOUR TO ESCAPE SO AS TO LET THE INTERNATIONAL
RED CROSS & THE WORLD KNOW OF THE STATE OF AFFAIRS MET WITH THE
INEVITABLE FAILURE. OF THE OFFICERS WHO COMPRISED THE PARTY
FIVE PERISHED FROM PRIVATION IN THE JUNGLE & THE REMAINING 4
WERE RECAPTURED.
23. A HOSPITAL WAS ESTABLISHED IN BURMA IN AUGUST &
ABOUT 2000 MEN WERE SENT THERE BUT OWING MAINLY TO THE
DEFICIENCY IN RATIONS, 800 DIED. NEVER THE LESS THE HOSPITAL
SERVED A GOOD PURPOSE AS THERE WAS NO REGULAR ENGINEERING
WORK AND MANY MEN GOT REASONABLY WELL SLOWLY
24. FROM AUGUST ONWARDS THINGS IMPROVED AT SONKRAI,
BUT NOT AT KAMI SONKRAI WHERE 8 PATIENTS WERE DYING EACH DAY.
26. THE MOVE BACK TO KAMURI TOOK PLACE IN NOVEMBER
BUT THE MEN WERE IN SUCH POOR CONDITION (THE WORST BEING LEFT
IN BURMA HOSPITAL) THAT 46 DIED ON THE TRAIN JOURNEY AND IN
KAMBURI ITSELF 186 DIED IN THE FIRST 3 WEEKS IN SPITE OF THE
BETTER CONDITIONS.
27. OF THE 7000 PsOW WHO LEFT CHANGI IN APRIL 43, IN DEC 43
ABOUT 3000 ARE DEAD, 3000 MORE ARE HOSPITAL PATIENTS OR CONVALESCENTS
SUGGESTIONS  1. WE ASKTHAT WE SHOULD BE TREATED IN ACCORDANCE
WITH THE LETTER & SPIRIT OF THE GENEVA & CONVENTIONS,
PARTICULARLY THOSE OF 1906, 1907 BOTH OF WHICH WERE RATIFIED BY
BRITAIN & JAPAN. IT HAS BEEN SUGGESTED THAT THE UNCONDITIONAL
SURRENDER OF SINGAPORE PLACES THE PRISONERS FROM THAT ISLAND
OUTSIDE THE TERMS OF THE HAQUE CONVENTIONS. THIS IS OBVIOUSLY
NOT SO. HOW THEN CAN THE NATURE OF SINGAPORE'S SURRENDER
(WHICH WAS CORRECTLY MADE AT THE WRITTEN REQUEST OF GEN
YAMASHITA "IN ORDER TO AVOID FURTHER USELESS LOSS OF LIFE
ON BOTH SIDES & ESPECIALLY THE LIVES OF CIVILIANS IN THE CITY")

 

PUT THE GARRISON OF SINGAPORE OUTSIDE THE TERMS OF THE
CONVENTION.
DETAILED SUGGESTIONS: CONSEQUENT OF THE PRECEDING
GENERAL ONE
1. DOCTORS & RED CROSS PERSONNEL ARE NOT PsOW
& SHOULD NOT BE TREATED AS PRISONERS (GEN CONV 1907 ARTICLE 8)
2. PsOW SHOULD BE HUMANELY TREATED (ANNEX TO HAGUE CONV 
1907 ART4)
3. WORK SHOULD NO BE EXCESSIVE (ANNEX TO HAGUE
CONV 1907 ART 6)
4. PsOW SHOULD BE TREATED AS REGARDS RATIONS, QUARTERS
& CLOTHING ON THE SAME FOOTING AS THE TROOPS OF THE COUNTRY
WHICH CAPTURES THEM (ANNEX TO HAGUE CONV 1907, ART 7)
_____________________________________________
NOTE 1 ALL THE ABOVE ARTICLES WERE BROKEN IN THAILAND.
2. IT IS NOT ENOUGH TO FIX A SCALE OF RATIONS. THE ESSENTIAL
IS THAT THE RATIONS SHOULD REACH THE PsOW. IT IS SUGGESTED THAT THE 
M. PS UNDERTAKE THE DUTY OF SEEING THAT THE SCALE OF ISSUE ALLOWED
DOES IN FACT REACH THE PsOW.
3. AS REGARDS QUARTERS IT SHOULD BE REMEMBERED THAT
OFFICER PsOW PAY FOR THEIR QUARTERS
______________________________________________
5. "OFFICERS MUS BE EMPLOYED FOR LABOR" (THIS EQUALLY 
APPLIES TO BEING THREATENED WITH LABOUR) (ANNEX TO HAGUE CONV
ART 6)
THERE WERE NOT MANY BREACHES OF ABOVE IN THIS FORCE ("F"
 FORCE) BUT MANY HUNDREDS OF OFFICERS IN OTHER PARTIES WERE
FORCED TO WORK AS LABOURERS ON THE ROAD & RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION
IN ORGANISED GANGS.
6.  RED CROSS REPESENTATIVES SHOULD BE ALLOWEN TO VISIT
POW CAMPS (NO REPRESENTATIVES WERE ALLOWED TO VISIT US IN THAILAND
(HAGUE CONV 1907 ART 15) 
7. PROPER ARRANGEMENTS SHOULD BE MADE TO COLLECT
DECEASED PERSONNEL'S EFFECTS (ANNEX TO HAGUE CONV 1907 ART 14)
8. SOLDIERS SHOULD BE RESPECTED AND TAKEN CARE OF 
WHEN SICK (GEN CONV 1906 ART 1)
9. GAMES, ENTERTAINMENTS, READING, EDUCATIONAL CLASSES &
LECTURES SHOULD BE ENCOURAGED TO KEEP UP MORALE
10. ARRANGEMENTS FOR LETTERS TO & FROM HOME SHOULD BE 
IMPROVED. LETTERS ARRIVING ARE A YEAR OLD AND WE HAVE NOT 
BEEN ALLOWED TO WRITE A SINGLE LETTER HOME BUT ONLY A FEW
LINES ON A POSTCARD TWICE IN TWO YEARS. PsOW IN ALL
BELLIGERENT COUNTRIES IN EUROPE ARE ALLOWED TO WRITE AS 
FOLLOWS - OFFICERS - 2 LETTERS & 2 POSTCARDS EACH MONTH
O/Rs - 1 LETTER & 1 POSTCARD EACH MONTH.

(MAJ. WYLDE. INTERPERATOR - F FORCE)
 

 

 

SELARANG SPECIAL ORDER
No 3
4th SEPTEMBER 1942
1/ On the 30th August 1942, I together with my area 
commanders was summoned to the Conference House, 
Changi Gaol where I was informed by the representative 
of Major General Fukuye, G O C Prisoner of War 
Camps, Malaya, that all prisoners of war in 
Changi were to be given forms of promise not to 
escape and that all were to be given an 
opportunity to sign this form.
2/ By the "Laws and Usages of War" a prisoner 
cannot be required by the Power holding him to 
give his parole and in our army, those who 
have become Prisoners of War are not permitted 
to give their parole. I pointed this out to the 
Japanese Authorities.
3/ I informed the representative of Major General 
Shimpie Fukuye that I was not prepared to sign 
the form.  In accordance with the orders of the 
Japanese Authorities all Prisoners of War were 
given an opportunity to sign.  The result of that 
opportunity is well known.
4/ On the 31st August 1942 I was informed by 
the Japanese Authorities that those personnel 
who refused to sign the certificate would be 
subjected to "measures of severity" and that a 
refusal to sign would be regarded as a 
direct refusal to obey a regulation which the 
Imperial Japanese Army considered necessary 
to enforce.
5/ Later, on the night of 31st Aug/1 Sept 1942 I 
was informed that on 1st September all 
Prisoners of War persisting in refusal to sign 
were to move by 1800 hrs to Selarang Barrack  
Square.  I confirmed, both on my own behalf  
and in the name of the Prisoners of War, our  
refusal to sign
6/ The move to Selarang Barrack Square was 
successfully accomplished on the same 
afternoon
7/ I and the Area Commanders have been in 
constant conference with the Imperial Japanese 
Army and have endeavoured by negotiation to 
have the form either abolished or at least 
modified.  All that I have been able to 
obtain is that which was originally a 
demand accompanied by threats of "measures 
of severity" has now been issued as an 
"official order of the Imperial Japanese Army."
8/ During the period of the occupation of the 
Selarang Barrack Square the conditions under 
which we have been placed has been under 
my constant consideration.  These may be 
briefly described as such, that existence 
therein will result in a very few days in 
the outbreak of epidemic  and that with most 
serious consequences to those under my 
command and the inevitable death to many 
Taking into account the low state of health 
in which many of us now are and the 
need to preserve our force intact as long as 
possible and with the full conviction
 that my action under the circumstances 
in which we are now living would meet 
with the full approval of His Majesty's 
Government.  I have felt it my duty to order 
all personnel to sign the certificate under 

 

the duress imposed by the Japanese powers.  
9/ I am fully convinced that His Majesty’s 
Government only expect prisoners of war not to 
give their parole, when such parole is to be 
given voluntarily. This factor can in no 
circumstances be regarded as applicable to 
our present condition. The responsibility for 
this decision rests with me and me alone 
and I fully accept it on ordering you to sign 
10/ I wish to record in this order my deep 
appreciation of the excellent spirit and good 
discipline which all ranks have shown 
during this trying period. I look to all 
ranks to continue in good heart, discipline 
and morale 
Thank you for your loyalty & cooperation 
(Signed) E.B. Holmes Col. 
Commander British & Aust Forces 
Changi Singapore 

 _________________________//_____________________ 

 

SELERANG SPECIAL ORDER No.2 (EXER???
BY 
COLONEL E.B. Holmes MC 
1/ The requirement by the Imperial Japanese Army would 
under their order No 17 dated 31st August 1942 that 
all ranks of the Prisoner of War Camp, Changi, should 
be given the opportunity to sign a certificate of promise 
not to escape has now been ammended in a  
revised Imperial Japanese Army order No 17 dated 
2nd September 1942, to a definite order that all  
officers, NCOS and men of the Prisoner of War  
Camp shall sign this undertaking 
2/ I therefore now order that these certificates  
will be signed by all ranks, and handed by  
Area Commanders to Command Headquarters by  
1100 hrs on 5th September 1942 
3/ The circumstances in which I have been  
compelled to issue this order will be made the  
subject of Selarang Special Order No 3 which will  
be issued later. 
4.9.42  
(Sgd) E.B. Holmes, Col 
Commanding British Australian Troops 
_________________________//_____________________ 
SELARANG SPECIAL ORDER NO 1. 
BY 
Colonel E.B. Holmes MC 
The Commander of the British and Australian Troops, Changi  
Prisoner of War Camp, congratulates all officers, NCOs  
and men of the Force now here on the splendid manner  
in which yesterday's difficult movement was carried  
out and the cheerfulness and good discipline  
being shown by all ranks in our present  
difficult circumstances. 
The Commander, Changi, wishes everyone to realise  
that he is making continuous efforts to obtain an  
honourable settlement with the Japanese by which the  
present conditions may be brought to an end. Meanwhile  
he knows that he can rely on all ranks to continue  
to display the fine example shown yesterday

 

   
SELARANG 
HQ Malaya Command 
3rd September 1942 
 _________________________//_____________________ 

 

Folders As Under - Covers To be headed

  1. MALAYAN CAMPAIGN                    
  2. MALAYAN CAMPAIGN SIDESHOWS
  3. DEFENCE OF SINGAPORE 
  4. MISCELLANEOUS ORDERS INSTRUCTIONS ETC 

45. CAPITULATION 

56. P.O.W ORDERS INSTRUCTIONS ETC 

67. SELARANG INCIDENT & EVENTS LEADING UP TO 
CONCENTRATION OF TROOPS WITH SNAPSHOTS 
(SNAPS PASTED ON SHEET OF PAPER) 
8 BANPONG - Ye. Railway

 

SADDLE HORSE SCORE CARD
LIPPINCOTT'S FARM MANUALS - "PRODUCTIVE HORSE 
HUSBANDRY" BY CARL W. GAY B.S.A (U.S.A RED CROSS) 
GENERAL APPEARANCE (TOTAL PTS=12)
1. Height   2. Weight   
3. Form (Close but not full made, deep but
not broad, symmetrical.                                                      [*4*]
4. Quality (Bone clean, dense, fine yet indicating
substance, tendons & joints sharply defined
hide & hair fine, general refinement, finish                      [*4*]
5. Temperament (Active, disposition good, intelligent [*4*]
________________//_____________________
HEAD & NECK (8)
6 Head (Size & dimensions in proportion, clearcut features
straight face line, wide angle in lower jaw)                    [*1*]
7  Muzzle (Fine, nostrils large, lips thin trim even.        [*1*]
8  Eyes (Prominent orbit, large, full, bright, clear, lid  
thin, even curvature                                                               [*1*]
9  Forehead (Broad, full)  [*1*] 
10 Ears (Medium size, pointed, set close, carried alert  [*1*]
11 Neck (Long, supple, well crested, not carried too high  
throttle well cut out, head well set on)                               [*3*] 
________________//____________________ 
FOREHAND (22) 
12 Shoulders (very long, sloping yet muscular)                [*3*] 
13 Arms (short, muscular, carried well forward)                [*1*] 
14 Forearm (long, broad, muscular)                                      [*1*] 
15 Knees (Straight, wide, deep, strongly supported)         [*2*] 
16 Canons (Short, broad, flat, tendons sharply defined,  
set well back)                                                                                 [*2*] 
17 Fetlocks (wide, tendons well back, straight, well  
supported)                                                                                      [*2*] 
18 Pasterns (Long, oblique (45 degrees) smooth, strong)  [*2*] 
NOTES ON VOCABULARY 
19 Feet (Large, round, uniform, straight, slope of wall  
parallel to slope of pastern, sole concave  
bars strong, frog large, elastic, heels wide,    
full, one third height of toe, horn dense,  
smooth, dark colour)                                                                      [*4*] 
20 Legs (A perpendicular line from point of shoulder  
should divide leg & foot into two lateral   
halves, when viewed from in front. When  
 viewed from side a perpendicular line 
from tuberosity of scapula should pass through  
centre of elbow joint & meet ground at centre of  
foot)                                                                                                     [*4*] 
_______________________ // _____________________ 
BODY (12) 
21 Withers (High, muscular, well finished at top  
extending well into back)                                                              [*3*] 
22 Chest (medium, wide, deep)                                                   [*2*] 
23 Ribs (well sprung, long, close)                                                 [*2*] 
24 Back (Short, straight, strong, broad)                                     [*2*] 
25 Loin (short, broad, muscular, strongly coupled)                 [*2*] 
26 Flank (deep, full, long, low under line)                                  [*1*] 
________________________//_____________________ 
HINDQUARTERS (31) 
27 Hips (broad, round, smooth)                                                [*2*] 
28 Croup (long, level, round, smooth)                                     [*2*] 
29 Tail (set high, well carried)                                                     [*2*] 
30 Thighs (full, muscular)                                                             [*2*] 
31 Stifles (broad, full, muscular)                                                  [*2*] 
32 Gaskins (broad, muscular)                                                       [*2*] 
33 Hocks (straight, wide, point prominent, deep,  
clean cut, smooth, well supported)                                              [*5*]

 

34. Canons (short, broad, flat, tendons sharply  
defined, set well back)                                                                    [*2*] 
35. Fetlocks (wide, tendons well back, straight,  
well supported)                                                                                  [*2*] 
36 Pasterns (long, oblique (50 degrees) smooth, strong)       [*2*] 
37. Feet (Large, round (slightly less than in front)  
uniform, straight, slope of wall parallel  
to slope of pastern, sole concave, bars  
strong, frog large elastic, heels wide, full  
1/3 height of toe, horn dense, smooth, dark  
colour)                                                                                                     [*4*] 
38 Legs (viewed from rear - perpendicular line  
dropped from point of buttock should  
divide the leg & foot into lateral halves.  
Viewed from side - the same line should  
touch point of hock & meet ground some  
little distance from heel. A perpendicular  
line dropped from hip joint should meet  
ground near centre of foot)                                                              [*4*] 
________________//___________________ 
WAY OF GOING (15) 
39 Walk (rapid, flat footed, in line)                                                  [*5*] 
40 Trot (full straight, smooth, springy, going well  
off hocks, not extreme knee folds)                                                  [*5*] 
41 Canter (slow, collected, either lead, no cross  
canter)                                                                                                     [*5*] 
                                                                                                                   ____ 
                                                                                                                 [*100*] 
                                                                                                                   ______        

 

  
FOOD FANCIES with Menus 
COMPILED DURING MY HUNGRIER MOMENTS AS A P.O.W. 
BREAKFAST :- 
PORK SAUSAGES (WELL DONE) TOAST &  
TOMATO SAUCE 

ASPARAGUS ON TOAST 

BAKED BEANS (TINNED) ON TOAST, TOMATO SAUCE 

TOAST WITH HONEY, MARMALADE, JAM 

EGGS, FRIED SCRAMBLED OMMELETTE, TOAST 

EGGS FRIED, BACON, FRIED VEGES & GREENS 
& TOAST 

CHEESE STRAWS ON TOAST 

CHEESE, TOMATO ON TOAST 

FRIED STEAK, FRIED VEGES & GREENS, TOAST  
& FRIED ONIONS & TOMATOS 

CEREALS: 
  
WHEAT BIX, MILK OR CREAM WITH SUGAR &  
GOLDEN SYRUP OR HONEY 

STEAMED RICE, CRUSHED PEANUTS, BANANA  
CREAM, SUGAR, SCRAMBLED EGG 

ROLLED OATS, MILK OR CREAM SUGAR, GOLDEN SYRUP 

SWEET COFFEE 

FRANKFURTS WITH TOAST & "ROZELLA" TOMATO SAUCE 

  
NOTE 
FRIED VEGES & GREENS KNOWN AS "BUBBLE & SQUEAK" 
"ROZELLA" TOMATO SAUCE 
GRAPE FIG & STRAWBERRY JAMS 
NICE, WHEATMEAL BISCUITS (ARNOTTS)

 

LUNCH :-  
CREAM OF TOMATO SOUP, SIPPETS 

PEA SOUP WITH SIPPITS 

HAM, TOMATO, LETTUCE, FRESH BREAD & 
"ROZELLA" TOMATO SAUCE 

SARGENT'S MEAT PIES & SAUSAGE ROLLS 
WITH "ROZELLA" TOMATO SAUCE 

CURRIED SAUSAGES, ON TOAST, FRIED VEGS 

FRIED SCHNAPPER, JEW FISH, FLOUNDER 

TOMATO, CHEESE, LETTUCE EGG POTATO  
(WITH FRESH BREAD) SALAD 
OR 
BREADROLL 
-

 

 

PR03336

  
  
 

Last edited by:
JAN BISHOPJAN BISHOP
Last edited on:

Last updated: